Background: Stroke is a leading cause of disability, injury, and death in elderly people and represents a major public health problem with substantial medical and economic consequences. The incidence of stroke rapidly increases with age, doubling for each decade after age 55 years. Gait impairment is one of the most important problems after stroke, and improving walking function is often a key component of any rehabilitation program. To achieve this goal, a robotic gait trainer seems to be promising. In fact, some studies underline the efficacy of robotic gait training based on end-effector technology, for different diseases, in particular in stroke patients. In this randomized controlled trial, we verify the efficacy of the robotic treatment in terms of improving the gait and reducing the risk of falling and its long-term effects. Methods: In this single-blind randomized controlled trial, we will include 152 elderly subacute stroke patients divided in two groups to receive a traditional rehabilitation program or a robotic rehabilitation using G-EO system, an end-effector device for the gait rehabilitation, in addition to the traditional therapy. Twenty treatment sessions will be conducted, divided into 3 training sessions per week, for 7 weeks. The control group will perform traditional therapy sessions lasting 50 min. The technological intervention group, using the G-EO system, will carry out 30 min of traditional therapy and 20 min of treatment with a robotic system. The primary outcome of the study is the evaluation of the falling risk. Secondary outcomes are the assessment of the gait improvements and the fear of falling. Further evaluations, such as length and asymmetry of the step, walking and functional status, and acceptance of the technology, will be carried. Discussion: The final goal of the present study is to propose a new approach and an innovative therapeutic plan in the post-stroke rehabilitation, focused on the use of a robotic device, in order to obtain the beneficial effects of this treatment. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04087083. Registered on September 12, 2019

An innovative training based on robotics for older people with subacute stroke: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Maranesi E.;Bevilacqua R.;Di Rosa M.;Pelliccioni G.;Morettini M.;Sbrollini A.;Burattini L.;
2021

Abstract

Background: Stroke is a leading cause of disability, injury, and death in elderly people and represents a major public health problem with substantial medical and economic consequences. The incidence of stroke rapidly increases with age, doubling for each decade after age 55 years. Gait impairment is one of the most important problems after stroke, and improving walking function is often a key component of any rehabilitation program. To achieve this goal, a robotic gait trainer seems to be promising. In fact, some studies underline the efficacy of robotic gait training based on end-effector technology, for different diseases, in particular in stroke patients. In this randomized controlled trial, we verify the efficacy of the robotic treatment in terms of improving the gait and reducing the risk of falling and its long-term effects. Methods: In this single-blind randomized controlled trial, we will include 152 elderly subacute stroke patients divided in two groups to receive a traditional rehabilitation program or a robotic rehabilitation using G-EO system, an end-effector device for the gait rehabilitation, in addition to the traditional therapy. Twenty treatment sessions will be conducted, divided into 3 training sessions per week, for 7 weeks. The control group will perform traditional therapy sessions lasting 50 min. The technological intervention group, using the G-EO system, will carry out 30 min of traditional therapy and 20 min of treatment with a robotic system. The primary outcome of the study is the evaluation of the falling risk. Secondary outcomes are the assessment of the gait improvements and the fear of falling. Further evaluations, such as length and asymmetry of the step, walking and functional status, and acceptance of the technology, will be carried. Discussion: The final goal of the present study is to propose a new approach and an innovative therapeutic plan in the post-stroke rehabilitation, focused on the use of a robotic device, in order to obtain the beneficial effects of this treatment. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04087083. Registered on September 12, 2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/290829
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