Population genomics integrates advances in sequencing technologies, bioinformatics tools, statistical methods and software into research on evolutionary and population genetics. Its application has provided novel approaches that have significantly advanced our understanding of new and long-standing questions in evolutionary processes. This has allowed the disentangling of locus-specific effects from genome-wide effects and has shed light on the genomic basis of fitness, local adaptation and phenotypes. “-Omics” tools have provided a comprehensive genome-wide view of the action of evolution. The specific features of the Phaseolus genus have made it a unique example for the study of crop evolution. The well-documented history of multiple domestications in Phaseolus vulgaris L. (common bean) and its further adaptation to different environments have provided the opportunity to investigate evolutionary issues, such as convergent evolution in the same species across different domestication events. Moreover, the availability of the P. vulgaris reference genome now allows adaptive variations to be easily mapped across the entire genome. Here, we provide an overview of the most significant outcomes obtained in common bean through the use of different computational tools for analysis of population genomics data.
Current state and perspectives in population genomics of the common bean / Cortinovis, G.; Frascarelli, G.; Di Vittori, V.; Papa, R.. - In: PLANTS. - ISSN 2223-7747. - 9:3(2020), p. 330. [10.3390/plants9030330]