TNF-blockade has shown clear therapeutic value in rheumatoid arthritis and other immune-mediated inflammatory diseases, however its mechanism of action is not fully elucidated. We investigated the effects of TNF-blockade on CD4+ T cell activation, maturation, and proliferation, and assessed whether TNF-inhibitors confer regulatory potential to CD4+ T cells. CyTOF and flow cytometry analysis revealed that in vitro treatment of human CD4+ T cells with the anti-TNF monoclonal antibody adalimumab promoted IL-10 expression in CD4+ T cells, whilst decreasing cellular activation. In line with this, analysis of gene expression profiling datasets of anti-TNF-treated IL-17 or IFN-γ-producing CD4+ T cells revealed changes in multiple pathways associated with cell cycle and proliferation. Kinetics experiments showed that anti-TNF treatment led to delayed, rather than impaired T-cell activation and maturation. Whilst anti-TNF-treated CD4+ T cells displayed some hyporesponsiveness upon restimulation, they did not acquire enhanced capacity to suppress T-cell responses or modulate monocyte phenotype. These cells however displayed a reduced ability to induce IL-6 and IL-8 production by synovial fibroblasts. Together, these data indicate that anti-TNF treatment delays human CD4+ T-cell activation, maturation, and proliferation, and this reduced activation state may impair their ability to activate stromal cells.

Anti-TNF treatment negatively regulates human CD4+ T-cell activation and maturation in vitro, but does not confer an anergic or suppressive phenotype / Povoleri, G. A. M.; Lalnunhlimi, S.; Steel, K. J. A.; Agrawal, S.; O'Byrne, A. M.; Ridley, M.; Kordasti, S.; Frederiksen, K. S.; Roberts, C. A.; Taams, L. S.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2980. - ELETTRONICO. - 50:3(2020), pp. 445-458. [10.1002/eji.201948190]

Anti-TNF treatment negatively regulates human CD4+ T-cell activation and maturation in vitro, but does not confer an anergic or suppressive phenotype

Kordasti S.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

TNF-blockade has shown clear therapeutic value in rheumatoid arthritis and other immune-mediated inflammatory diseases, however its mechanism of action is not fully elucidated. We investigated the effects of TNF-blockade on CD4+ T cell activation, maturation, and proliferation, and assessed whether TNF-inhibitors confer regulatory potential to CD4+ T cells. CyTOF and flow cytometry analysis revealed that in vitro treatment of human CD4+ T cells with the anti-TNF monoclonal antibody adalimumab promoted IL-10 expression in CD4+ T cells, whilst decreasing cellular activation. In line with this, analysis of gene expression profiling datasets of anti-TNF-treated IL-17 or IFN-γ-producing CD4+ T cells revealed changes in multiple pathways associated with cell cycle and proliferation. Kinetics experiments showed that anti-TNF treatment led to delayed, rather than impaired T-cell activation and maturation. Whilst anti-TNF-treated CD4+ T cells displayed some hyporesponsiveness upon restimulation, they did not acquire enhanced capacity to suppress T-cell responses or modulate monocyte phenotype. These cells however displayed a reduced ability to induce IL-6 and IL-8 production by synovial fibroblasts. Together, these data indicate that anti-TNF treatment delays human CD4+ T-cell activation, maturation, and proliferation, and this reduced activation state may impair their ability to activate stromal cells.
2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/290433
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