Latent heat thermal energy storage systems are gaining increasing attention due to their high energy density and ability to discharge at near isothermal temperatures. A good understanding of the thermal behaviour of phase change materials (PCMs) used in these systems and therefore, a methodology for the characterisation of the phase change behaviour of storage media during charge and discharge phases is important for an optimised storage design. In this work, an experimental rig in a cylindrical shape container was designed to obtain the thermal profiles of different category of sub-zero PCMs. The experimental measurement of deionised water (ice) was first used to calibrate and validate a numerical 1-D model. Three types of sub-zero PCMs were further tested including aqueous sodium chloride, aqueous ethylene glycol and decane. The numerical results showed that aqueous alcohol had the best agreement with the experiments. In the case of paraffin and aqueous sodium chloride, a discrepancy between numerical and experimental results was found. In particular, during the melting phase, the discrepancy was due to the effect of natural convection while, during the solidification phase, it was due to the effect of supercooling. This highlights the importance of correct estimation of those effects for an accurate prediction. However, due to its simplicity, the 1-D model can be considered a valid method to approximate behavior of the different PCM and to compare the thermal profiles of different materials.

Experimental and numerical characterization of sub-zero phase change materials for cold thermal energy storage / Borri, E.; Sze, J. Y.; Tafone, A.; Romagnoli, A.; Li, Y.; Comodi, G.. - In: APPLIED ENERGY. - ISSN 0306-2619. - 275:(2020), p. 115131. [10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115131]

Experimental and numerical characterization of sub-zero phase change materials for cold thermal energy storage

Comodi G.
Ultimo
2020-01-01

Abstract

Latent heat thermal energy storage systems are gaining increasing attention due to their high energy density and ability to discharge at near isothermal temperatures. A good understanding of the thermal behaviour of phase change materials (PCMs) used in these systems and therefore, a methodology for the characterisation of the phase change behaviour of storage media during charge and discharge phases is important for an optimised storage design. In this work, an experimental rig in a cylindrical shape container was designed to obtain the thermal profiles of different category of sub-zero PCMs. The experimental measurement of deionised water (ice) was first used to calibrate and validate a numerical 1-D model. Three types of sub-zero PCMs were further tested including aqueous sodium chloride, aqueous ethylene glycol and decane. The numerical results showed that aqueous alcohol had the best agreement with the experiments. In the case of paraffin and aqueous sodium chloride, a discrepancy between numerical and experimental results was found. In particular, during the melting phase, the discrepancy was due to the effect of natural convection while, during the solidification phase, it was due to the effect of supercooling. This highlights the importance of correct estimation of those effects for an accurate prediction. However, due to its simplicity, the 1-D model can be considered a valid method to approximate behavior of the different PCM and to compare the thermal profiles of different materials.
2020
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/290370
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 22
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 21
social impact