In this work we consider two classical mathematical models of wine fermentation. The first model describes the wine-making process that is used to produce dry wine. The second model is obtained by introducing a term in the equation of the dynamics of the yeast. Thanks to this change it will be possible to inhibit the fermentation of the sugar and as a consequence a sweet wine will be obtained. We first prove the existence, uniqueness, positiveness and boundedness of solutions for both models. Then we pass to analyse the the long-time dynamics. For the second model we also provide estimates for the concentration of ethanol, nitrogen and sugar at the end of the process. Moreover, several numerical simulations are provided to support the theoretical results.
Dynamics of fermentation models for the production of dry and sweet wine / Colucci, R.; Lopez-De-la-Cruz, J.. - In: COMMUNICATIONS ON PURE AND APPLIED ANALYSIS. - ISSN 1534-0392. - 19:4(2020), pp. 2015-2034. [10.3934/cpaa.2020089]