Background There is growing evidence about the role of nurses in patient outcomes in several healthcare settings. However, there is still a lack of evidence about the transitional care setting. We aimed to assess the association between patient characteristics identified in a multidimensional nursing assessment and outcomes of mortality and acute hospitalization during community hospital stay. Methods A retrospective observational study was performed on patients consecutively admitted to a community hospital (CH) in Loreto (Ancona, Italy) between January 1st, 2018 and May 31st, 2019. The nursing assessment included sociodemographic characteristics, functional status, risk of falls (Conley Score) and pressure damage (Norton scale), nursing diagnoses, presence of pressure sores, feeding tubes, urinary catheters or vascular access devices and comorbidities. Two logistic regression models were developed to assess the association between patient characteristics identified in a multidimensional nursing assessment and outcomes of mortality and acute hospitalization during CH stay. Results We analyzed data from 298 patients. The mean age was 83 ± 9.9 years; 60.4% (n = 180) were female. The overall mean length of stay was 42.8 ± 36 days (32 ± 32 days for patients who died and 33.9 ± 35 days for patients who had an acute hospitalization, respectively). An acute hospitalization was reported for 13.4% (n = 40) of patients and 21.8% (n = 65) died. An increased risk of death was related to female sex (OR 2.25, 95% CI 1.10-4.62), higher Conley Score (OR 1.19; 95% CI 1.03-1.37) and having a vascular access device (OR 3.64, 95% CI 1.82-7.27). A higher Norton score was associated with a decreased risk of death (OR 0.71, 95% CI 0.62-0.81). The risk for acute hospitalization was correlated with younger age (OR 0.94, 95% CI 0.91-0.97), having a vascular access device (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.02-5.36), impaired walking (OR 2.50, 95% CI 1.03-6.06) and it is inversely correlated with a higher Conley score (OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.77-0.98). Conclusion Using a multidimensional nursing assessment enables identification of risk of nearness of end of life and acute hospitalization to target care and treatment. The present study adds further knowledge on this topic and confirms the importance of nursing assessment to evaluate the risk of patients' adverse outcome development.
Predictors of adverse outcomes using a multidimensional nursing assessment in an Italian community hospital / Gasperini, B.; Pelusi, G.; Frascati, A.; Sarti, D.; Dolcini, F.; Espinosa, E.; Prospero, E.. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 16:4(2021), p. e0249630. [10.1371/journal.pone.0249630]