Background: We reviewed the literature comparing the indications/efficacy of laminectomy (LA) with or without fusion versus laminoplasty (LP) in the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Methods: We identified 14 studies in PubMed/Medline to include in our analysis. Outcomes were assessed utilizing the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, visual analog scale (VAS), Neck Disability Index, and Nurick scale. Variables studied included ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), cervical range of motion (ROM), the C2-C7 sagittal Cobb angle, the Ishihara index, and the Hirabayashi scale. Patients with cervical trauma/fracture, infection, or tumor were excluded from the study. Results: In these 14 studies, there were no significant differences between LA and LP groups in terms of preoperative versus postoperative: JOA scores (e.g., including the improvement rate), VAS scores, and ROM. However, the LA patients demonstrated greater postoperative cervical lordosis versus those in the LP group. Conclusion: At present, there are no guidelines for choosing LA versus LP for treating CSM. Factors that should be considered when choosing one procedure over the other should include the patients’ preoperative clinical status, the type of CSM, the pathological extent of OPLL, and whether there is a sufficient cervical lordotic curvature.

Review of laminoplasty versus laminectomy in the surgical management of cervical spondylotic myelopathy

Mauro Dobran
Conceptualization
2021

Abstract

Background: We reviewed the literature comparing the indications/efficacy of laminectomy (LA) with or without fusion versus laminoplasty (LP) in the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Methods: We identified 14 studies in PubMed/Medline to include in our analysis. Outcomes were assessed utilizing the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, visual analog scale (VAS), Neck Disability Index, and Nurick scale. Variables studied included ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), cervical range of motion (ROM), the C2-C7 sagittal Cobb angle, the Ishihara index, and the Hirabayashi scale. Patients with cervical trauma/fracture, infection, or tumor were excluded from the study. Results: In these 14 studies, there were no significant differences between LA and LP groups in terms of preoperative versus postoperative: JOA scores (e.g., including the improvement rate), VAS scores, and ROM. However, the LA patients demonstrated greater postoperative cervical lordosis versus those in the LP group. Conclusion: At present, there are no guidelines for choosing LA versus LP for treating CSM. Factors that should be considered when choosing one procedure over the other should include the patients’ preoperative clinical status, the type of CSM, the pathological extent of OPLL, and whether there is a sufficient cervical lordotic curvature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/287596
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