Interest on keratinized matrix analysis for clinical and forensic purposes has been recently grown due to the wide temporary detection window for psychotropic and toxic substances entrapped after repeated consumption. The aim of this study was the development and full validation of an UHPLC-MS/MS screening method to quantify 119 molecules among most abused classic drugs and new psychoactive substances in hair and in nails, to assess the polyconsumption. Twenty-five milligrams of hair or nail samples, added with the internal standard mixture, were cut and incubated with 500 μL M3® buffer reagent at controlled temperature. After cooling, 1 μL supernatant was injected in the chromatographic system equipped with an Oasis HLB column. After the 10 min chromatographic separation through a gradient mobile phase (aqueous ammonium formate, phase A; acetonitrile, phase B), the target compounds were detected in multiple reaction monitoring mode. The method was linear (r2 always better than 0.99) in a calibration range of LOQ 20000 pg compound for milligram hair and of LOQ 1000 pg compound per milligram nail. Process efficiency of analytes under investigation was always better than 65% and no significant ion suppression due to matrix effect was observed. Intra-assay and inter-assay precision and accuracy were always better than 15%. The applicability and trueness of the method were examined by analysing real samples of hair and nail from users of psychoactive drugs in recreational contexts. Both classic drugs and new psychoactive substances could be determined as result of single or repeated use and accumulation in keratin matrices. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
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