Circadian rhythm is well known to play a pivotal role in reproduction but the presence of a gonadal circadian rhythm is opening a lot of questions about a local regulation of reproduction. In the present study, we first set to identify the key genes driving circadian rhythmicity from the gonadal transcriptome of the swordfish, a commercially relevant species undergoing overfishing, and we then investigated whether their transcriptional activity was influenced by the maturation stage. Finally, we explored whether seasonality had the ability to modulate the expression of these genes. Interestingly, we identified a wide number of circadian rhythm related genes in the transcriptome of the swordfish gonad including, among the others, clock, bmal1, cry2 and per2, which have been found to be differentially expressed between sexually immature and mature individuals sampled during the breeding season. This differential modulation was also found for melatonin biosynthesis genes (mel1b, asmt and tph1) as well as opsin genes (opsin4, tmt opsin, parapinopsin, VA opsin, rho and sws), known to be the primary receptors of light stimuli. These differences were not observed between mature and immature individuals when considering the non-breeding season suggesting that, despite the molecular machinery of mature gonads is able to respond to signals driving ovarian maturation, these signals are not present hence highlighting the potential role of seasonality in modulating the gonadal circadian rhythm. These results confirm the presence of a gonadal circadian rhythm in the swordfish and open new interesting questions about its role in driving puberty onset.

Opsins and gonadal circadian rhythm in the swordfish (Xiphias gladius) ovary: Their potential roles in puberty and reproductive seasonality

Basili, Danilo;Gioacchini, Giorgia;Candelma, Michela;Marisaldi, Luca;Carnevali, Oliana
2021-01-01

Abstract

Circadian rhythm is well known to play a pivotal role in reproduction but the presence of a gonadal circadian rhythm is opening a lot of questions about a local regulation of reproduction. In the present study, we first set to identify the key genes driving circadian rhythmicity from the gonadal transcriptome of the swordfish, a commercially relevant species undergoing overfishing, and we then investigated whether their transcriptional activity was influenced by the maturation stage. Finally, we explored whether seasonality had the ability to modulate the expression of these genes. Interestingly, we identified a wide number of circadian rhythm related genes in the transcriptome of the swordfish gonad including, among the others, clock, bmal1, cry2 and per2, which have been found to be differentially expressed between sexually immature and mature individuals sampled during the breeding season. This differential modulation was also found for melatonin biosynthesis genes (mel1b, asmt and tph1) as well as opsin genes (opsin4, tmt opsin, parapinopsin, VA opsin, rho and sws), known to be the primary receptors of light stimuli. These differences were not observed between mature and immature individuals when considering the non-breeding season suggesting that, despite the molecular machinery of mature gonads is able to respond to signals driving ovarian maturation, these signals are not present hence highlighting the potential role of seasonality in modulating the gonadal circadian rhythm. These results confirm the presence of a gonadal circadian rhythm in the swordfish and open new interesting questions about its role in driving puberty onset.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/286730
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