The authors tackle time synchronisation of two (possibly non-identical) second-order dynamical systems whose state space possess the structure of a Lie group. Synchronisation is treated as a non-linear control problem on Lie groups. They present a control theory inspired by the proportional–integral–derivative (PID) regulation principle. The resulting L-PID control scheme is applied to sync the rotational component of motions in physical systems. A model-dependent version of the L-PID, equipped with a dynamics-cancelling component, is theoretically proven to converge to zero control error by a Lyapunov stability analysis. Furthermore, they present Lie-group-tailored numerical techniques to implement the devised PID regulation theory and test such numerical schemes on two dynamical systems, namely, a gyrostat satellite and a quadrotor drone. As a further extension, they present an empirical translational synchronisation algorithm for two drones based on a pair of concurring L-PID and projected-PID controllers.
Extension of a PID control theory to Lie groups applied to synchronising satellites and drones / Fiori, S.; Cervigni, I.; Ippoliti, M.; Menotta, C.. - In: IET CONTROL THEORY & APPLICATIONS. - ISSN 1751-8644. - ELETTRONICO. - 14:17(2020), pp. 2628-2642. [10.1049/iet-cta.2020.0226]