Food proteins are important nutrients for human health and thus make significant contributions to the unique functions of different foods. The modification of proteins through physical and biological processing could improve the functional and nutritional properties of food products; these changes can be attributed to modifications in particle size, solubility, emulsion stability, secondary structure, as well as the bioactivities of the proteins. Physical processing treatments might promote physical phenomena, such as combined friction, collision, shear forces, turbulence, and cavitation of particles, and lead to changes in the particle sizes of proteins. The objective of this review is to illustrate the effect of physical and biological processing on the structure, and physical and chemical properties of food-derived proteins and provide insights into the mechanism underlying structural changes. Many studies have suggested that physical and biological processes, such as ultrasound treatment, high pressure homogenization, ball mill treatment, and enzymatic hydrolysis could affect the structure, physical properties, and chemical properties of food-derived proteins. Some important applications of food-derived proteins are also discussed based on the relationships between their physical, chemical, and functional properties. Perspectives from fundamental or practical research are also brought in to provide a complete picture of the currently available relevant data.
Biological and conventional food processing modifications on food proteins: Structure, functionality, and bioactivity / Wu, D.; Tu, M.; Wang, Z.; Wu, C.; Yu, C.; Battino, M.; El-Seedi, H. R.; Du, M.. - In: BIOTECHNOLOGY ADVANCES. - ISSN 0734-9750. - ELETTRONICO. - 40:(2020), p. 107491. [10.1016/j.biotechadv.2019.107491]