According to the challenge of global warming, trees play an effective role in reducing heat islands and improving thermal comfort. In this study, the impact of urban greening on microclimate and pedestrian comfort is studied using ENVI met v4 for a residential district in Tabriz, Iran. In-situ measurements of air temperature and relative humidity have been preliminary performed on ten points in the studied site and collected data used to successfully validate the model. Four scenarios with different trees species and patterns were simulated during typical summer and winter days, to assess benefits and disadvantages during different seasons, in terms of air temperature (Ta) and relative humidity (RH), mean radiant temperature (Tmrt) and physiologically equivalent temperature (PET). Result showed that the best scenario provides great summer cooling without compromising winter comfort. In summer Ta and Tmrt are decreased by respectively 0.29 °C and 20.04 °C; while in winter, they reach respectively 6.92 °C and 13.22 °C, compared the reference scenario characterised by 6.28 °C (Ta) and 23.47 °C (Tmrt). These results in a summer PET improvement from 34.92 °C to 26.16 °C, thus moving from an original hot thermal sensation to a slightly warm one. Based on the outcomes of the study, it is possible to provide useful design recommendation for urban adaptation plans.

Effect of tree cover and tree species on microclimate and pedestrian comfort in a residential district in Iran / Teshnehdel, S.; Akbari, H.; Di Giuseppe, E.; Brown, R. D.. - In: BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0360-1323. - ELETTRONICO. - 178:(2020). [10.1016/j.buildenv.2020.106899]

Effect of tree cover and tree species on microclimate and pedestrian comfort in a residential district in Iran

Di Giuseppe E.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

According to the challenge of global warming, trees play an effective role in reducing heat islands and improving thermal comfort. In this study, the impact of urban greening on microclimate and pedestrian comfort is studied using ENVI met v4 for a residential district in Tabriz, Iran. In-situ measurements of air temperature and relative humidity have been preliminary performed on ten points in the studied site and collected data used to successfully validate the model. Four scenarios with different trees species and patterns were simulated during typical summer and winter days, to assess benefits and disadvantages during different seasons, in terms of air temperature (Ta) and relative humidity (RH), mean radiant temperature (Tmrt) and physiologically equivalent temperature (PET). Result showed that the best scenario provides great summer cooling without compromising winter comfort. In summer Ta and Tmrt are decreased by respectively 0.29 °C and 20.04 °C; while in winter, they reach respectively 6.92 °C and 13.22 °C, compared the reference scenario characterised by 6.28 °C (Ta) and 23.47 °C (Tmrt). These results in a summer PET improvement from 34.92 °C to 26.16 °C, thus moving from an original hot thermal sensation to a slightly warm one. Based on the outcomes of the study, it is possible to provide useful design recommendation for urban adaptation plans.
2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/285007
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