Introduction: We prospectively tested in a phase II study high-dose aracytin and idarubicin plus amifostine as induction regimen in 149 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) aged ≥ 60 years, evaluated by a simplified multidimensional geriatric assessment (MGA). Methods: Ninety-one fully or partially fit patients (61%) were allocated to intensive chemotherapy and 58 (39%) frail patients to best supportive care (BSC). Intensively treated patients, showing early death and complete response (CR) rate respectively of 5.5% and 73.6%, received 61 consolidations, followed by autologous transplant (ASCT), stem cell transplantation (SCT) or gemtuzumab ozogamicin, depending on mobilization outcome and donor availability. Results: The 8-year overall survival (OS) of these patients was 20.4%, with median duration of 11.4 months significantly superior to the 1.5 months of BSC arm (p < 0.001). Hyperleukocytosis and cytogenetics were predictors of survival with a relative risk of 1.8 in patients with poor karyotype without hyperleukocytosis (p = 0.02) and 3 in those with hyperleukocytosis (≥ 50,000/μl) (p = 0.002). Conclusion: MGA allowed tailored post-consolidation in 53.8% of patients after high-dose aracytin induction, with long-term survival doubling that reported in the literature after standard-dose cytarabine regimens.

Feasibility and Outcome of a Phase II Study of Intensive Induction Chemotherapy in 91 Elderly Patients with AML Evaluated Using a Simplified Multidimensional Geriatric Assessment

Francesco Saraceni;Alessandro Fiorentini;Martina Chiarucci;Antonella Poloni;Giancarlo Discepoli;Pietro Leoni;Attilio Olivieri
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Introduction: We prospectively tested in a phase II study high-dose aracytin and idarubicin plus amifostine as induction regimen in 149 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) aged ≥ 60 years, evaluated by a simplified multidimensional geriatric assessment (MGA). Methods: Ninety-one fully or partially fit patients (61%) were allocated to intensive chemotherapy and 58 (39%) frail patients to best supportive care (BSC). Intensively treated patients, showing early death and complete response (CR) rate respectively of 5.5% and 73.6%, received 61 consolidations, followed by autologous transplant (ASCT), stem cell transplantation (SCT) or gemtuzumab ozogamicin, depending on mobilization outcome and donor availability. Results: The 8-year overall survival (OS) of these patients was 20.4%, with median duration of 11.4 months significantly superior to the 1.5 months of BSC arm (p < 0.001). Hyperleukocytosis and cytogenetics were predictors of survival with a relative risk of 1.8 in patients with poor karyotype without hyperleukocytosis (p = 0.02) and 3 in those with hyperleukocytosis (≥ 50,000/μl) (p = 0.002). Conclusion: MGA allowed tailored post-consolidation in 53.8% of patients after high-dose aracytin induction, with long-term survival doubling that reported in the literature after standard-dose cytarabine regimens.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/284339
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