Introduction: We prospectively tested in a phase II study high-dose aracytin and idarubicin plus amifostine as induction regimen in 149 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) aged ≥ 60 years, evaluated by a simplified multidimensional geriatric assessment (MGA). Methods: Ninety-one fully or partially fit patients (61%) were allocated to intensive chemotherapy and 58 (39%) frail patients to best supportive care (BSC). Intensively treated patients, showing early death and complete response (CR) rate respectively of 5.5% and 73.6%, received 61 consolidations, followed by autologous transplant (ASCT), stem cell transplantation (SCT) or gemtuzumab ozogamicin, depending on mobilization outcome and donor availability. Results: The 8-year overall survival (OS) of these patients was 20.4%, with median duration of 11.4 months significantly superior to the 1.5 months of BSC arm (p < 0.001). Hyperleukocytosis and cytogenetics were predictors of survival with a relative risk of 1.8 in patients with poor karyotype without hyperleukocytosis (p = 0.02) and 3 in those with hyperleukocytosis (≥ 50,000/μl) (p = 0.002). Conclusion: MGA allowed tailored post-consolidation in 53.8% of patients after high-dose aracytin induction, with long-term survival doubling that reported in the literature after standard-dose cytarabine regimens.
Feasibility and Outcome of a Phase II Study of Intensive Induction Chemotherapy in 91 Elderly Patients with AML Evaluated Using a Simplified Multidimensional Geriatric Assessment / Capelli, Debora; Saraceni, Francesco; Fiorentini, Alessandro; Chiarucci, Martina; Menotti, Diego; Poloni, Antonella; Discepoli, Giancarlo; Leoni, Pietro; Olivieri, Attilio. - In: ADVANCES IN THERAPY. - ISSN 1865-8652. - 37:(2020), pp. 2288-2302. [10.1007/s12325-020-01310-4]