MicroRNAs are small, non-coding, single-strand oligonucleotides which regulate gene expression. There is little evidence in the literature about their role in azoospermia and no studies have investigated their presence in the seminal plasma of men with Klinefelter syndrome. This retrospective study investigated if there were any differences in microRNA expression (miR-509-5p, miR-122-5p, miR-34b-3p, miR-34c-5p) in the seminal plasma of patients with obstructive azoospermia, non-obstructive azoospermia and Klinefelter syndrome. Hormone levels were also investigated to identify any correlations with microRNA expression. We analysed 200 subjects (40 Klinefelter syndrome, 60 non-obstructive azoospermia with a normal karyotype, 60 obstructive azoospermia and 40 who were normozoospermic). All subjects underwent semen examination. Total RNA was obtained from seminal plasma and microRNA expression was analysed by RT-qPCR. There was a significant reduction in the expression of all investigated miRNAs in the seminal plasma of all patient categories in comparison with controls. There was a weak negative correlation between FSH values and miR-509-5p expression in non-obstructive azoospermic patients (r = − 0.391; p = 0.014). We hypothesize that in non-obstructive azoospermia and Klinefelter syndrome patients, the downregulation of microRNAs may be caused by damage to the germ cells and aberrant spermatogenesis. In our opinion the identification of seminal plasma microRNAs deriving almost exclusively from the testes could be essential for the development of specific biomarkers for male infertility. The expression of such microRNAs, in combination with hormone values, could comprise testicular markers of abnormal spermatogenesis and failed mature sperm production.

Seminal plasma miRNAs in Klinefelter syndrome and in obstructive and non-obstructive azoospermia / Finocchi, F.; Pelloni, M.; Balercia, G.; Pallotti, F.; Radicioni, A. F.; Lenzi, A.; Lombardo, F.; Paoli, D.. - In: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS. - ISSN 0301-4851. - 47:6(2020), pp. 4373-4382. [10.1007/s11033-020-05552-x]

Seminal plasma miRNAs in Klinefelter syndrome and in obstructive and non-obstructive azoospermia

Finocchi F.;Pelloni M.;Balercia G.;Lombardo F.;Paoli D.
2020-01-01

Abstract

MicroRNAs are small, non-coding, single-strand oligonucleotides which regulate gene expression. There is little evidence in the literature about their role in azoospermia and no studies have investigated their presence in the seminal plasma of men with Klinefelter syndrome. This retrospective study investigated if there were any differences in microRNA expression (miR-509-5p, miR-122-5p, miR-34b-3p, miR-34c-5p) in the seminal plasma of patients with obstructive azoospermia, non-obstructive azoospermia and Klinefelter syndrome. Hormone levels were also investigated to identify any correlations with microRNA expression. We analysed 200 subjects (40 Klinefelter syndrome, 60 non-obstructive azoospermia with a normal karyotype, 60 obstructive azoospermia and 40 who were normozoospermic). All subjects underwent semen examination. Total RNA was obtained from seminal plasma and microRNA expression was analysed by RT-qPCR. There was a significant reduction in the expression of all investigated miRNAs in the seminal plasma of all patient categories in comparison with controls. There was a weak negative correlation between FSH values and miR-509-5p expression in non-obstructive azoospermic patients (r = − 0.391; p = 0.014). We hypothesize that in non-obstructive azoospermia and Klinefelter syndrome patients, the downregulation of microRNAs may be caused by damage to the germ cells and aberrant spermatogenesis. In our opinion the identification of seminal plasma microRNAs deriving almost exclusively from the testes could be essential for the development of specific biomarkers for male infertility. The expression of such microRNAs, in combination with hormone values, could comprise testicular markers of abnormal spermatogenesis and failed mature sperm production.
2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/283602
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