BACKGROUND/AIM: Clear cell carcinoma of the abdominal wall is a sporadic event. To date, about thirty cases have been reported in the literature. This article provides a case report and literature review of an infrequent occurrence with poor prognosis. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old woman with pelvic pain and an abdominal mass came to our attention. Her medical history was notable for two previous cesarean sections. Physical examination revealed a smooth, multilocular mass measuring about 20 cm, arising from the previous surgical scar. Histology revealed clear-cell carcinoma resulting from the transformation of abdominal wall endometriosis. Given the disease extent, the patient underwent front-line chemotherapy. After several and multiple chemotherapy regimens, there was a disease progression that resulted in the death of the patient in 7 months. The literature review showed that a previous cesarean section was present in 91% of cases. Besides, approximately 26.5% of women died within 12 months of being diagnosed. The mean age of women was 45.88 years, while the average size of the lesion was 11 cm. CONCLUSION: Clear cell carcinoma is a rare but occurring event. Middle-aged women showing an abdominal wall mass in close relation with a surgical scar from a previous cesarean section must be promptly investigated. Treatment options usually include surgery and chemotherapy with poor results.

Endometriosis-associated Clear Cell Carcinoma of the Abdominal Wall After Caesarean Section: A Case Report and Review of the Literature / Giannella, L.; Serri, M.; Maccaroni, E.; DI Giuseppe, J.; Delli Carpini, G.; Berardi, R.; Sopracordevole, F.; Ciavattini, A.. - In: IN VIVO. - ISSN 0258-851X. - 34:4(2020), pp. 2147-2152. [10.21873/invivo.12021]

Endometriosis-associated Clear Cell Carcinoma of the Abdominal Wall After Caesarean Section: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Giannella L.;DI Giuseppe J.;Delli Carpini G.;Berardi R.;Ciavattini A.
2020-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM: Clear cell carcinoma of the abdominal wall is a sporadic event. To date, about thirty cases have been reported in the literature. This article provides a case report and literature review of an infrequent occurrence with poor prognosis. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old woman with pelvic pain and an abdominal mass came to our attention. Her medical history was notable for two previous cesarean sections. Physical examination revealed a smooth, multilocular mass measuring about 20 cm, arising from the previous surgical scar. Histology revealed clear-cell carcinoma resulting from the transformation of abdominal wall endometriosis. Given the disease extent, the patient underwent front-line chemotherapy. After several and multiple chemotherapy regimens, there was a disease progression that resulted in the death of the patient in 7 months. The literature review showed that a previous cesarean section was present in 91% of cases. Besides, approximately 26.5% of women died within 12 months of being diagnosed. The mean age of women was 45.88 years, while the average size of the lesion was 11 cm. CONCLUSION: Clear cell carcinoma is a rare but occurring event. Middle-aged women showing an abdominal wall mass in close relation with a surgical scar from a previous cesarean section must be promptly investigated. Treatment options usually include surgery and chemotherapy with poor results.
2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/283601
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