Research question: What is the effect of quercetin and indole-3-carbinol (I3C) on extracellular matrix expression, cell migration and proliferation in human myometrial and uterine leiomyoma cells. Design: Myometrial and leiomyoma cells were treated with quercetin or I3C at different concentrations (10 µg/ml; 50 µg/ml; 100 µg/ml; and 250 µg/ml) for 48 h to measure mRNA and protein expressions of extracellular matrix (collagen 1A1, fibronectin and versican), as well as cell migration and the proliferation rate. Results: Quercetin decreased mRNA levels of collagen 1A1 in myometrial (P < 0.0001) and leiomyoma cells (P < 0.0001). Quercetin reduced mRNA and protein levels of fibronectin in myometrial cells (P < 0.05) and fibronectin protein in leiomyoma cells (P < 0.05). I3C reduced collagen 1A1 mRNA levels in myometrial (P < 0.05) and leiomyoma cells at higher dose (P < 0.05). The protein levels of fibronectin were also reduced in both myometrial and leiomyoma cells with highest dose of I3C (P < 0.05), although mRNA levels were not affected in leiomyoma cells. Neither quercetin nor I3C treatment altered versican mRNA levels in both cell types. A significant reduction of the migration of both myometrial and leiomyoma cells in response to quercetin was observed (P < 0.05) and I3C (P < 0.05 for myometrial and P < 0.01 for leiomyoma cells) treatment. Both quercetin and I3C significantly reduced myometrial cell proliferation (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The in-vitro anti-fibrotic, anti-migratory and anti-proliferative effects of quercetin and I3C form the scientific basis for developing new therapeutic, preventive agents, or both, for uterine leiomyomas.
Quercetin and indole-3-carbinol inhibit extracellular matrix expression in human primary uterine leiomyoma cells / Greco, S.; Islam, M. S.; Zannotti, A.; Delli Carpini, G.; Giannubilo, S. R.; Ciavattini, A.; Petraglia, F.; Ciarmela, P.. - In: REPRODUCTIVE BIOMEDICINE ONLINE. - ISSN 1472-6483. - 40:4(2020), pp. 593-602. [10.1016/j.rbmo.2020.01.006]