Arbutin is a plant‐derived glycosylated hydroquinone with antioxidant features, exploited to combat cell damage induced by oxidative stress. The latter hinders the osseointegration of bone prostheses, leading to implant failure. Little is known about arbutin antioxidant effects on human osteoblasts, therefore, this study explores the in vitro protective role of arbutin on osteoblast-like cells (Saos‐2) and periosteum‐derived progenitor cells (PDPCs). Interestingly, cells exposed to oxidative stress were protected by arbutin, which preserved cell viability and differentiation. Starting from these encouraging results, an antioxidant coating loaded with arbutin was electrosynthesized on titanium. Therefore, for the first time, a polyacrylate‐based system was designed to release the effective concentration of arbutin in situ. The innovative coating was characterized from the physico‐chemical and morphological point of view to achieve an optimized system, which was in vitro tested with cells. Morpho‐functional evaluations highlighted the high viability and good compatibility of the arbutin‐loaded coating, which also promoted the expression of PDPC differentiation markers, even under oxidative stress. These results agreed with the coatings’ in vitro antioxidant activity, which showed a powerful scavenging effect against DPPH radicals. Taken together, the obtained results open intriguing opportunities for the further development of natural bioactive coatings for orthopedic titanium implants.
Insights into arbutin effects on bone cells: Towards the development of antioxidant titanium implants / Bonifacio, M. A.; Cerqueni, G.; Cometa, S.; Licini, C.; Sabbatini, L.; Mattioli-belmonte, M.; De Giglio, E.. - In: ANTIOXIDANTS. - ISSN 2076-3921. - STAMPA. - 9:7(2020), pp. 1-20. [10.3390/antiox9070579]