Introduction Melanoma is one of the most common cancers in younger people. The incidence of cutaneous melanoma is increasing in patients of both sexes, with female patients generally living longer than their male counterparts. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate and confirm the sex-based difference in survival of melanoma patients and the relationship of this difference with pathological features. Methods A total of 1023 patients who had been treated at the Department of Medical Oncology, Universita Politecnica Marche (Ancona, Italy) and the INRCA-IRCCS Department of Dermatology (Ancona, Italy) between 1987 and 2014 were enrolled in the study. Results In terms of stage of disease at onset, there was a significant difference in disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in favor of female patients in disease stage I (P = 0.001 and P = 0.01, respectively) and II (P = 0.02 and P = 0.009, respectively). Female patients also showed a significant improvement in 12-year DFS and 12-year OS adjusted for pathological features (Breslow thickness, ulceration, "absent" tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) melanomas, "non-brisk" TIL pattern). Globally, female patients had an advantage over with male patients in both DFS and OS (P < 0.001). Conclusions Our results show that women have a survival benefit over with men after adjustment for many variables that can reduce mortality risk in female melanoma patients. In a future investigation we wish to examine possible biological sex differences in tumor-host interactions.
Gender Differences and Outcomes in Melanoma Patients / Morgese, Francesca; Sampaolesi, Caterina; Torniai, Mariangela; Conti, Alessandro; Ranallo, Nicoletta; Giacchetti, Alfredo; Serresi, Stefano; Onofri, Azzurra; Burattini, Michela; Ricotti, Giuseppe; Berardi, Rossana. - In: ONCOLOGY AND THERAPY. - ISSN 2366-1070. - 8:1(2020), pp. 103-114. [10.1007/s40487-020-00109-1]