Arsenic (As) is one of the most widespread contaminants; it is found in almost every environment. Its toxic effects on living organisms have been studied for decades, but the interaction of this metalloid with other contaminants is still relatively unknown, mainly whether this interaction occurs with emerging contaminants such as nanomaterials. To examine this relationship, the marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei was exposed for 48 h to As, graphene oxide (GO; two different concentrations) or a combination of both, and gills, hepatopancreas and muscle tissues were sampled. Glutathione S-transferase (GST)-omega gene expression and activity were assessed. As accumulation and speciation (metabolisation capacity) were also examined. Finally, a molecular docking simulation was performed to verify the possible interaction between the nanomaterial and GST-omega. The main finding was that GO modulated the As toxic effect: it decreased GST-omega activity, a consequence related to altered As accumulation and metabolism. Besides, the molecular docking simulation confirmed the capacity of GO to interact with the enzyme structure, which also can be related to the decreased GST-omega activity and subsequently to the altered As accumulation and metabolisation pattern.

Graphene oxide and GST-omega enzyme: An interaction that affects arsenic metabolism in the shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei / Josende, M. E.; Nunes, S. M.; de Oliveira Lobato, R.; Gonzalez-Durruthy, M.; Kist, L. W.; Bogo, M. R.; Wasielesky, W.; Sahoo, S.; Nascimento, J. P.; Furtado, C. A.; Fattorini, D.; Regoli, F.; Machado, K.; Werhli, A. V.; Monserrat, J. M.; Ventura-Lima, J.. - In: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0048-9697. - STAMPA. - 716:(2020), p. 136893. [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.136893]

Graphene oxide and GST-omega enzyme: An interaction that affects arsenic metabolism in the shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei

Fattorini D.;Regoli F.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Arsenic (As) is one of the most widespread contaminants; it is found in almost every environment. Its toxic effects on living organisms have been studied for decades, but the interaction of this metalloid with other contaminants is still relatively unknown, mainly whether this interaction occurs with emerging contaminants such as nanomaterials. To examine this relationship, the marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei was exposed for 48 h to As, graphene oxide (GO; two different concentrations) or a combination of both, and gills, hepatopancreas and muscle tissues were sampled. Glutathione S-transferase (GST)-omega gene expression and activity were assessed. As accumulation and speciation (metabolisation capacity) were also examined. Finally, a molecular docking simulation was performed to verify the possible interaction between the nanomaterial and GST-omega. The main finding was that GO modulated the As toxic effect: it decreased GST-omega activity, a consequence related to altered As accumulation and metabolism. Besides, the molecular docking simulation confirmed the capacity of GO to interact with the enzyme structure, which also can be related to the decreased GST-omega activity and subsequently to the altered As accumulation and metabolisation pattern.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/277414
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