Background: The subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) does not require the insertion of any leads into the cardiovascular system. Objective: The aims of the study were to describe current practice and to measure outcomes associated with S-ICD or standard single-chamber transvenous ICD (TV-ICD) use after TV-ICD explantation. Methods: We analyzed all consecutive patients who underwent transvenous extraction of an ICD and subsequent implantation of an S-ICD or a single-chamber TV-ICD at 12 Italian centers from 2011 to 2017. Results: A total of 229 patients were extracted and subsequently reimplanted with an S-ICD (90; 39%) or a single-chamber TV-ICD (139; 61%). S-ICD implantation increased from 9% in 2011 to 85% in 2017 (P <.001). Patients reimplanted with an S-ICD were younger (53 ± 13 years vs 60 ± 18 years; P =.011) and more frequently had undergone extraction owing to infection (73% vs 52%; P <.001). The rates of complications at follow-up were comparable between groups (hazard ratio 0.97; 95% confidence interval 0.49–1.92; P =.940). No lead failures, systemic infections, or system-related deaths occurred in the S-ICD group. In the TV-ICD group, 1 lead fracture occurred and 2 systemic infections were reported, resulting in death in 1 case. In the S-ICD group, the rate of complications was lower when the generator was positioned in a sub- or intermuscular pocket (hazard ratio 0.21; 95% confidence interval 0.05–0.87; P =.048). Conclusion: Our results show an increasing use of S-ICD over the years in patients undergoing TV-ICD explantation. An S-ICD is preferably adopted in young patients, mostly in the case of infection. The complication rate was comparable between groups and decreased when a sub- or intermuscular S-ICD generator position was adopted.

Use and outcomes of subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) after transvenous ICD extraction: An analysis of current clinical practice and a comparison with transvenous ICD reimplantation / Viani, S.; Migliore, F.; Tola, G.; Pisano, E. C. L.; Dello Russo, A.; Luzzi, G.; Sartori, P.; Piro, A.; Rordorf, R.; Forleo, G. B.; Rago, A.; Segreti, L.; Bertaglia, E.; Biffi, M.; Lovecchio, M.; Valsecchi, S.; Diemberger, I.; Bongiorni, M. G.. - In: HEART RHYTHM. - ISSN 1547-5271. - 16:4(2019), pp. 564-571. [10.1016/j.hrthm.2018.10.026]

Use and outcomes of subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) after transvenous ICD extraction: An analysis of current clinical practice and a comparison with transvenous ICD reimplantation

Dello Russo A.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Background: The subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) does not require the insertion of any leads into the cardiovascular system. Objective: The aims of the study were to describe current practice and to measure outcomes associated with S-ICD or standard single-chamber transvenous ICD (TV-ICD) use after TV-ICD explantation. Methods: We analyzed all consecutive patients who underwent transvenous extraction of an ICD and subsequent implantation of an S-ICD or a single-chamber TV-ICD at 12 Italian centers from 2011 to 2017. Results: A total of 229 patients were extracted and subsequently reimplanted with an S-ICD (90; 39%) or a single-chamber TV-ICD (139; 61%). S-ICD implantation increased from 9% in 2011 to 85% in 2017 (P <.001). Patients reimplanted with an S-ICD were younger (53 ± 13 years vs 60 ± 18 years; P =.011) and more frequently had undergone extraction owing to infection (73% vs 52%; P <.001). The rates of complications at follow-up were comparable between groups (hazard ratio 0.97; 95% confidence interval 0.49–1.92; P =.940). No lead failures, systemic infections, or system-related deaths occurred in the S-ICD group. In the TV-ICD group, 1 lead fracture occurred and 2 systemic infections were reported, resulting in death in 1 case. In the S-ICD group, the rate of complications was lower when the generator was positioned in a sub- or intermuscular pocket (hazard ratio 0.21; 95% confidence interval 0.05–0.87; P =.048). Conclusion: Our results show an increasing use of S-ICD over the years in patients undergoing TV-ICD explantation. An S-ICD is preferably adopted in young patients, mostly in the case of infection. The complication rate was comparable between groups and decreased when a sub- or intermuscular S-ICD generator position was adopted.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/275458
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