There is an increasing interest towards the development of alternative binders for the manufacture of sustainable mortars and concretes. Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) is the most commonly used material in construction, even if its production process is highly polluting. Both calcium sulfoaluminate (CSA) and alkali-activated cements (AAC) are potential alternative binders to be used in both structural (R3 class, with Rc " 25 MPa) and non-structural applications (R1 and R2 classes, with Rc " 10 MPa and Rc " 15 MPa, respectively) according to UNI EN 1504-3. This paper reports the hydration mechanisms and the evolution of porosity of OPC-, CSA- and AAC-based binders. The properties of fresh and hardened mortars, belonging to the above-mentioned mechanical strength classes, were evaluated and compared with particular emphasis on durability properties in terms of capillary water absorption, drying shrinkage, and resistance to sulfate attack. The results show that CSA-based mortars exhibit the lowest drying shrinkage due to their highest elasticity modulus. AAC mortars are characterized by the highest water vapor permeability and the lowest capillary water absorption for the highest presence of large pores (>3000 nm).

Calcium sulfoaluminate and alkali-activated fly ash cements as alternative to Portland cement: study on chemical, physical-mechanical, and durability properties of mortars with the same strength class

Alessandra Mobili;Francesca Tittarelli
2020-01-01

Abstract

There is an increasing interest towards the development of alternative binders for the manufacture of sustainable mortars and concretes. Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) is the most commonly used material in construction, even if its production process is highly polluting. Both calcium sulfoaluminate (CSA) and alkali-activated cements (AAC) are potential alternative binders to be used in both structural (R3 class, with Rc " 25 MPa) and non-structural applications (R1 and R2 classes, with Rc " 10 MPa and Rc " 15 MPa, respectively) according to UNI EN 1504-3. This paper reports the hydration mechanisms and the evolution of porosity of OPC-, CSA- and AAC-based binders. The properties of fresh and hardened mortars, belonging to the above-mentioned mechanical strength classes, were evaluated and compared with particular emphasis on durability properties in terms of capillary water absorption, drying shrinkage, and resistance to sulfate attack. The results show that CSA-based mortars exhibit the lowest drying shrinkage due to their highest elasticity modulus. AAC mortars are characterized by the highest water vapor permeability and the lowest capillary water absorption for the highest presence of large pores (>3000 nm).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/274923
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