One of the most important aspects of bone remodeling is the constant turnover mainly driven by the mechanical loading stimulus. The remodeling process produces changes not only in the bone microarchitecture but also in the density distribution of the mineralized matrix - i.e. in calcium concentrations- and in the osteocyte lacunar network. Synchrotron radiation-based X-ray microtomography (microCT) has proven to be an efficient technique, capable to achieve the analysis of 3D bone architecture and of local mineralization at different hierarchical length scales, including the imaging of the lacuno-canalicular network. In the present study, we used microCT within a conceptual study of jawbone remodeling, demonstratively focusing the investigation in two critical contexts, namely in the peri-dental and the peri-implant tissues. The microCT analysis showed that a relevant inhomogeneity was clearly present in both peri-dental and peri-implant biopsies, not only in terms of microarchitecture and mineralization degree, but also considering the lacunar network, i.e. size and numerical density of the osteocyte lacunae. The correlated histological results obtained on the same samples confirmed these observations, also adding information related to non-mineralized tissues. Despite its demonstrative nature, it was concluded that the proposed method was powerful in studying jawbone remodeling because it revealed a direct correlation of its rate with the lacunar density, as achieved by the analysis of the osteocyte lacunar network, and an inverse correlation with the local bone mineral density, as revealed with the Roschger approach.
Jawbone remodeling: a conceptual study based on Synchrotron High-resolution Tomography / Iezzi, Giovanna; Mangano, Carlo; Barone, Antonio; Tirone, Federico; Baggi, Luigi; Tromba, Giuliana; Piattelli, Adriano; Giuliani, Alessandra. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:3777:(2020). [10.1038/s41598-020-60718-8]