Gait dysfunctions are pathognomonic, progressive and, generally, continuous in Parkinson’s Disease (PD). The Freezing of Gait (FoG) is an episodic gait disorder involving up to 70% of people with PD, within 10 years of clinical onset, and associated with an increased risk for falls and immobility, which in turn, contributes to greater disability. Automatic and objective monitoring of FoG may help clinicians to understand and treat this phenomenon. In this work, a smartphone app for real-time FoG detection is presented and tested both in a laboratory setting and at patients’ home. The app implements a novel fuzzy logic algorithm that uses important spatio-temporal parameters of gait and is built according to clinical knowledge about FoG. The app includes a gait detection function and the evaluation of two important clinical statistics, i.e. FoG time and FoG number. The app FoG detection performance was assessed against clinicians evaluation and compared with the Moore-Bachlin FoG detection algorithm through ROC analysis, the calculation of confusion matrix, and FoG hit rate. The proposed algorithm achieved better results with respect to the Moore-Bachlin algorithm. Home reports were compared with respect to the FoG Questionnaire and laboratory reports; results indicated significant correlations for both FoG time and FoG number. The results confirm the reliability and accuracy of this app for FoG detection, supporting its wide use for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

A fuzzy logic system for the home assessment of freezing of gait in subjects with Parkinsons disease / Pepa, Lucia; Capecci, Marianna; Andrenelli, Elisa; Ciabattoni, Lucio; Spalazzi, Luca; Ceravolo, Maria Gabriella. - In: EXPERT SYSTEMS WITH APPLICATIONS. - ISSN 0957-4174. - ELETTRONICO. - 147:(2020). [10.1016/j.eswa.2020.113197]

A fuzzy logic system for the home assessment of freezing of gait in subjects with Parkinsons disease

Pepa, Lucia
;
Capecci, Marianna;Andrenelli, Elisa;Ciabattoni, Lucio;Spalazzi, Luca;Ceravolo, Maria Gabriella
2020-01-01

Abstract

Gait dysfunctions are pathognomonic, progressive and, generally, continuous in Parkinson’s Disease (PD). The Freezing of Gait (FoG) is an episodic gait disorder involving up to 70% of people with PD, within 10 years of clinical onset, and associated with an increased risk for falls and immobility, which in turn, contributes to greater disability. Automatic and objective monitoring of FoG may help clinicians to understand and treat this phenomenon. In this work, a smartphone app for real-time FoG detection is presented and tested both in a laboratory setting and at patients’ home. The app implements a novel fuzzy logic algorithm that uses important spatio-temporal parameters of gait and is built according to clinical knowledge about FoG. The app includes a gait detection function and the evaluation of two important clinical statistics, i.e. FoG time and FoG number. The app FoG detection performance was assessed against clinicians evaluation and compared with the Moore-Bachlin FoG detection algorithm through ROC analysis, the calculation of confusion matrix, and FoG hit rate. The proposed algorithm achieved better results with respect to the Moore-Bachlin algorithm. Home reports were compared with respect to the FoG Questionnaire and laboratory reports; results indicated significant correlations for both FoG time and FoG number. The results confirm the reliability and accuracy of this app for FoG detection, supporting its wide use for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/273262
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