With increasing world population, agriculture must face the challenge of ensuring the growing demand for food. Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. subsp. Durum) is a staple food that provides calories and nutrients in many parts of the world. It is the main cereal crop in Italy and in the Marche region is the most representative crop. The Interdepartmental Research founded by Università Politecnica delle Marche called “PFRLab: Setting of a Precision Farming Robotic Laboratory for cropping system sustainability and food safety and security”, is examining the effect of different nitrogen (N) fertilization sources, soil tillage depths and crop rotations on durum wheat quality, which is still underway. This project also aims at evaluating specific criteria for food safety, studying the effects of pollutants together with the bioavailability of nutrients. The durum wheat samples were cultivated and subsequently collected at “Pasquale Rosati” experimental farm of the Università Politecnica delle Marche on a ground divided into conventional tillage (CT) and no-tillage (NT). As regards the biochemical characterization of durum wheat, the percentage of proteins via the Kjeldahl method, lutein, and the mineral composition (Mn, Cu, Se), present in wheat grains, were evaluated. The preliminary results suggest a higher percentage of protein in the product on NT soil compared to CT; in relation to the quantity of fertilizer used N 0 Kg ha-1 and N 180 Kg ha-1 a higher protein percentage following N 180 Kg ha-1 fertilization was noted. Durum wheat is a significant source of manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), and selenium (Se) and between the two types of soil and fertilizer no significant differences were found. The same also for lutein. The NT treatment expressed its superior nature for a good level of grain quality. Further and extensive studies are planned to combine the effects of nitrogen fertilization and soil management on the main durum wheat production variables.

PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF NO-TILLAGE EFFECT AGAINST CONVENTIONAL TILLAGE AND FERTILIZATION ON DURUM WHEAT QUALITY

ALIA, SONILA
;
SOFIA PUGNALONI;MONIA CECATI;ROBERTO ORSINI;DANILO BASILI;MATTEO BELLETTI;DEBORAH BENTIVOGLIO;STEFANO CHIAPPINI;CARLA CONTI;ANDREA GALLI;ELISABETTA GIORGINI;MARCO FIORENTINI;EVA SAVINA MALINVERNI;ADRIANO MANCINI;ELGA MONACI;GIORGIO PASSERINI;CHIARA PRO;RODOLFO SANTILOCCHI;STEFANO ZENOBI;PRIMO ZINGARETTI;ARIANNA VIGNINI
2019-01-01

Abstract

With increasing world population, agriculture must face the challenge of ensuring the growing demand for food. Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. subsp. Durum) is a staple food that provides calories and nutrients in many parts of the world. It is the main cereal crop in Italy and in the Marche region is the most representative crop. The Interdepartmental Research founded by Università Politecnica delle Marche called “PFRLab: Setting of a Precision Farming Robotic Laboratory for cropping system sustainability and food safety and security”, is examining the effect of different nitrogen (N) fertilization sources, soil tillage depths and crop rotations on durum wheat quality, which is still underway. This project also aims at evaluating specific criteria for food safety, studying the effects of pollutants together with the bioavailability of nutrients. The durum wheat samples were cultivated and subsequently collected at “Pasquale Rosati” experimental farm of the Università Politecnica delle Marche on a ground divided into conventional tillage (CT) and no-tillage (NT). As regards the biochemical characterization of durum wheat, the percentage of proteins via the Kjeldahl method, lutein, and the mineral composition (Mn, Cu, Se), present in wheat grains, were evaluated. The preliminary results suggest a higher percentage of protein in the product on NT soil compared to CT; in relation to the quantity of fertilizer used N 0 Kg ha-1 and N 180 Kg ha-1 a higher protein percentage following N 180 Kg ha-1 fertilization was noted. Durum wheat is a significant source of manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), and selenium (Se) and between the two types of soil and fertilizer no significant differences were found. The same also for lutein. The NT treatment expressed its superior nature for a good level of grain quality. Further and extensive studies are planned to combine the effects of nitrogen fertilization and soil management on the main durum wheat production variables.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/272847
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