BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSI) due to Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing K. pneumoniae (KPC-Kp) have become an important problem and they are associated with a high mortality rate. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of KPC-Kp from BSIs. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, conducted in a tertiary referral center in Italy, 112 patients with KPC-Kp BSIs diagnosed between February 2011 and December 2015 were identified. We evaluated the mortality at 30 days from the first positive blood culture. Survivor and non-survivor subgroups were compared to identify predictors of mortality. RESULTS: The overall crude mortality was 35%. APACHE II score ≥ 15, septic shock at BSI onset, immunosuppressive therapy during the 30 days before the BSI onset, and the lack of a combination therapy with at least 2 active drugs emerged as independent predictors of mortality. Excluding patients with inadequate therapy, the mortality decreased to 25% while an APACHE II score ≥ 15 and the presence of septic shock remained independently associated with a negative outcome. Two different pulsotypes were identified: pulsotype A belonged to ST512 and carried KPC-3 and pulsotype B belonged to ST307 and carried KPC-2. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed a high mortality rate of KPC-Kp BSIs. The outcome is heavily influenced by the patient's clinical conditions. A therapeutic approach including a combination with at least two active drugs in vitro can improve the prognosis, unless patients received an appropriate therapy.

Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae from bloodstream infections in a tertiary referral center in Italy

Brescini L.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Morroni G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Valeriani C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Castelletti S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Mingoia M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Simoni S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Vivarelli M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Giacometti A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Barchiesi F.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2019-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSI) due to Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing K. pneumoniae (KPC-Kp) have become an important problem and they are associated with a high mortality rate. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of KPC-Kp from BSIs. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, conducted in a tertiary referral center in Italy, 112 patients with KPC-Kp BSIs diagnosed between February 2011 and December 2015 were identified. We evaluated the mortality at 30 days from the first positive blood culture. Survivor and non-survivor subgroups were compared to identify predictors of mortality. RESULTS: The overall crude mortality was 35%. APACHE II score ≥ 15, septic shock at BSI onset, immunosuppressive therapy during the 30 days before the BSI onset, and the lack of a combination therapy with at least 2 active drugs emerged as independent predictors of mortality. Excluding patients with inadequate therapy, the mortality decreased to 25% while an APACHE II score ≥ 15 and the presence of septic shock remained independently associated with a negative outcome. Two different pulsotypes were identified: pulsotype A belonged to ST512 and carried KPC-3 and pulsotype B belonged to ST307 and carried KPC-2. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed a high mortality rate of KPC-Kp BSIs. The outcome is heavily influenced by the patient's clinical conditions. A therapeutic approach including a combination with at least two active drugs in vitro can improve the prognosis, unless patients received an appropriate therapy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/271555
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