BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Laboratory studies on human adipose tissue and differentiated adipocytes indicate that natriuretic peptides (NPs) affect lipid metabolism and plasma cholesterol. Few previous clinical studies in non-elderly populations found associations between NPs in the physiological range and cholesterol. AIM: evaluate the association between NT-proBNP and lipid profile in very elderly hospitalized patients characterized by a wide range of NT-proBNP levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cross-sectional study on 288 very elderly patients hospitalized for medical conditions, in which increased NT-proBNP levels are very common. NT-proBNP, total cholesterol (TC), HDL cholesterol (HDLc) and triglycerides were collected just few days before discharge. Patients taking lipid-lowering drugs and patients with an admission diagnosis of acute heart failure were excluded. Calculated LDL-cholesterol (LDLc) was used for the analyses. Mean age: 87.7 ± 6.2 years; female prevalence (57.3%). Median NT-proBNP: 2949 (1005-7335) pg/ml; mean TC: 145.1 ± 40.3 mg/dl; mean HDLc: 38.4 ± 18.6 mg/dl; median triglycerides: 100 (75-129) mg/dl; mean LDLc: 84.0 ± 29.5 mg/dl. We found negative correlations between NT-proBNP and both TC and LDLc (Rho = -0.157; p = 0.008 and Rho = -0.166; p = 0.005, respectively), while no correlations emerged between NT-proBNP and HDLc (Rho = -0.065; p = 0.275) or triglycerides (Rho = -0.009; p = 0.874). These associations were confirmed considering NT-proBNP tertiles. The inverse association between NT-proBNP and LDLc was maintained even after adjusting for confounding factors. CONCLUSION: Our real-life clinical study supports the hypothesis that NPs play a role on cholesterol metabolism, given the association found between LDLc and NT-proBNP even in very elderly patients where NT-proBNP values are often in the pathological range.

N-terminal pro B-Type natriuretic peptide is inversely correlated with low density lipoprotein cholesterol in the very elderly / Spannella, F.; Giulietti, F.; Cocci, G.; Landi, L.; Borioni, E.; Lombardi, F. E.; Rosettani, G.; Bernardi, B.; Bordoni, V.; Giordano, P.; Bordicchia, M.; Sarzani, R.. - In: NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES. - ISSN 0939-4753. - ELETTRONICO. - 28:6(2018), pp. 629-635. [10.1016/j.numecd.2018.02.013]

N-terminal pro B-Type natriuretic peptide is inversely correlated with low density lipoprotein cholesterol in the very elderly

Spannella, F.;Giulietti, F.;Cocci, G.;Borioni, E.;Lombardi, F. E.;Rosettani, G.;Bernardi, B.;Bordoni, V.;Bordicchia, M.;Sarzani, R.
2018-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Laboratory studies on human adipose tissue and differentiated adipocytes indicate that natriuretic peptides (NPs) affect lipid metabolism and plasma cholesterol. Few previous clinical studies in non-elderly populations found associations between NPs in the physiological range and cholesterol. AIM: evaluate the association between NT-proBNP and lipid profile in very elderly hospitalized patients characterized by a wide range of NT-proBNP levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cross-sectional study on 288 very elderly patients hospitalized for medical conditions, in which increased NT-proBNP levels are very common. NT-proBNP, total cholesterol (TC), HDL cholesterol (HDLc) and triglycerides were collected just few days before discharge. Patients taking lipid-lowering drugs and patients with an admission diagnosis of acute heart failure were excluded. Calculated LDL-cholesterol (LDLc) was used for the analyses. Mean age: 87.7 ± 6.2 years; female prevalence (57.3%). Median NT-proBNP: 2949 (1005-7335) pg/ml; mean TC: 145.1 ± 40.3 mg/dl; mean HDLc: 38.4 ± 18.6 mg/dl; median triglycerides: 100 (75-129) mg/dl; mean LDLc: 84.0 ± 29.5 mg/dl. We found negative correlations between NT-proBNP and both TC and LDLc (Rho = -0.157; p = 0.008 and Rho = -0.166; p = 0.005, respectively), while no correlations emerged between NT-proBNP and HDLc (Rho = -0.065; p = 0.275) or triglycerides (Rho = -0.009; p = 0.874). These associations were confirmed considering NT-proBNP tertiles. The inverse association between NT-proBNP and LDLc was maintained even after adjusting for confounding factors. CONCLUSION: Our real-life clinical study supports the hypothesis that NPs play a role on cholesterol metabolism, given the association found between LDLc and NT-proBNP even in very elderly patients where NT-proBNP values are often in the pathological range.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/265313
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