The use of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) in new hot mix asphalt (HMA) by means of hot recycling techniques generates the advantage linked to the exploitation of both lytic and bituminous component, consequently leading to the decrease of both virgin aggregates and bitumen supplying. However, many agencies and public administration authorise RAP percentages ranges from 10% to 30% in hot recycling. The main reason for such a low amount of allowable RAP content is related to the aged bitumen contained in the RAP materials, which is more brittle than a virgin bitumen leading to a final mixture more susceptible to fatigue, thermal and reflection cracking. The use of rejuvenators has the potential to restore rheology and chemical components of aged RAP bitumen, thus allowing a significant increase in the amount of RAP to be properly implemented in HMA. The experimental investigation is described in this paper and carried out through a dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) which provides the rheological characterisation of a paving grade bitumen during its overall service life including its reuse in hot recycling by adopting different rejuvenators. Results show that rejuvenators modify bitumen chemistry and consequently rheology by enhancing the viscous response. Moreover, it was observed that oxidation is less harmful, in terms of stiffness increase, on the 50/50 aged bitumen - virgin bitumen blends (rejuvenated or not) than on the virgin bitumen. Moreover, the addition of a rejuvenator in a bituminous blend containing 50% of bitumen reactivated from RAP could lead to a corresponding composite bituminous phase less subjected to ageing phenomena and even less stiff at the end of service life than the associated virgin bitumen alone.

Influence of rejuvenators on the aging of bitumen in hot recycled asphalt mixtures / Mazzoni, Giorgia; Bocci, Edoardo; Canestrari, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING. - ISSN 2095-7564. - STAMPA. - 5:3(2018), pp. 157-168. [10.1016/j.jtte.2018.01.001]

Influence of rejuvenators on the aging of bitumen in hot recycled asphalt mixtures

Mazzoni Giorgia;Canestrari Francesco
2018-01-01

Abstract

The use of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) in new hot mix asphalt (HMA) by means of hot recycling techniques generates the advantage linked to the exploitation of both lytic and bituminous component, consequently leading to the decrease of both virgin aggregates and bitumen supplying. However, many agencies and public administration authorise RAP percentages ranges from 10% to 30% in hot recycling. The main reason for such a low amount of allowable RAP content is related to the aged bitumen contained in the RAP materials, which is more brittle than a virgin bitumen leading to a final mixture more susceptible to fatigue, thermal and reflection cracking. The use of rejuvenators has the potential to restore rheology and chemical components of aged RAP bitumen, thus allowing a significant increase in the amount of RAP to be properly implemented in HMA. The experimental investigation is described in this paper and carried out through a dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) which provides the rheological characterisation of a paving grade bitumen during its overall service life including its reuse in hot recycling by adopting different rejuvenators. Results show that rejuvenators modify bitumen chemistry and consequently rheology by enhancing the viscous response. Moreover, it was observed that oxidation is less harmful, in terms of stiffness increase, on the 50/50 aged bitumen - virgin bitumen blends (rejuvenated or not) than on the virgin bitumen. Moreover, the addition of a rejuvenator in a bituminous blend containing 50% of bitumen reactivated from RAP could lead to a corresponding composite bituminous phase less subjected to ageing phenomena and even less stiff at the end of service life than the associated virgin bitumen alone.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/263667
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