Destruction of cholangiocytes is the hallmark of chronic cholangiopathies such as primary biliary cirrhosis. Under physiologic conditions, cholangiocytes display a striking resistance to the high, millimolar concentrations of toxic bile salts present in bile. We recently showed that a 'biliary HCO3(-) umbrella', i.e. apical cholangiocellular HCO3(-) secretion, prevents cholangiotoxicity of bile acids, and speculated on a role for extracellular membrane-bound glycans in the stabilization of this protective layer. This paper summarizes published and thus far unpublished evidence supporting the role of the glycocalyx in stabilizing the 'biliary HCO3(-) umbrella' and thus preventing cholangiotoxicity of bile acids.

The Cholangiocyte Glycocalyx Stabilizes the 'Biliary HCO3 Umbrella': An Integrated Line of Defense against Toxic Bile Acids

Maroni, Luca;
2015

Abstract

Destruction of cholangiocytes is the hallmark of chronic cholangiopathies such as primary biliary cirrhosis. Under physiologic conditions, cholangiocytes display a striking resistance to the high, millimolar concentrations of toxic bile salts present in bile. We recently showed that a 'biliary HCO3(-) umbrella', i.e. apical cholangiocellular HCO3(-) secretion, prevents cholangiotoxicity of bile acids, and speculated on a role for extracellular membrane-bound glycans in the stabilization of this protective layer. This paper summarizes published and thus far unpublished evidence supporting the role of the glycocalyx in stabilizing the 'biliary HCO3(-) umbrella' and thus preventing cholangiotoxicity of bile acids.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/262690
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