Aims Minimal model analysis of intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) data represents the reference method to assess insulin sensitivity (SI) and glucose effectiveness (SG) that quantify the insulin-dependent and insulin-independent processes of glucose disappearance, respectively. However, test duration (3 h) and need for modeling expertise limit the applicability of this method. Aim of this study was providing a simple predictor of SG applicable to short test (1 h), as previously done with SI. Methods Three groups of subjects reflecting different glucose tolerance degrees underwent a 3 h IVGTT: subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT, n = 164), with defective glucose regulation (DGR, n = 191), and with type 2 diabetes (T2D, n = 39). Minimal model analysis provided reference SG and its components at zero (GEZI) and basal (BIE) insulin. The simple predictor CSG (calculated SG) was described by the formula CSG = α0 + α1 × KG/Gpeak, being KG the glucose disappearance rate (between 10 and 50 min) and Gpeak the maximum of the glucose curve during the test; α0 and α1 coefficients were provided by linear regression analysis. Results CSG and SG showed a markedly significant relationship in the whole dataset (r = 0.72, p < 0.0001) and in the single groups (r = 0.70 in NGT, r = 0.71 in DGR and r = 0.70 in T2D, p < 0.0001 for all); α1 × KG/Gpeak was significantly related to GEZI (r ≥ 0.60). Conclusions The interest for insulin-independent glucose disappearance is increasing, due to the recent availability of SGLT2 pharmacological agents, lowering glycemic levels without requiring insulin action. This study proposes a reliable predictor of SG based on IVGTT lasting 1 h only, and not requiring mathematical modeling skills.

Assessment of glucose effectiveness from short IVGTT in individuals with different degrees of glucose tolerance

Micaela Morettini; · Francesco Di Nardo; · Laura Burattini;· Sandro Fioretti;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Aims Minimal model analysis of intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) data represents the reference method to assess insulin sensitivity (SI) and glucose effectiveness (SG) that quantify the insulin-dependent and insulin-independent processes of glucose disappearance, respectively. However, test duration (3 h) and need for modeling expertise limit the applicability of this method. Aim of this study was providing a simple predictor of SG applicable to short test (1 h), as previously done with SI. Methods Three groups of subjects reflecting different glucose tolerance degrees underwent a 3 h IVGTT: subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT, n = 164), with defective glucose regulation (DGR, n = 191), and with type 2 diabetes (T2D, n = 39). Minimal model analysis provided reference SG and its components at zero (GEZI) and basal (BIE) insulin. The simple predictor CSG (calculated SG) was described by the formula CSG = α0 + α1 × KG/Gpeak, being KG the glucose disappearance rate (between 10 and 50 min) and Gpeak the maximum of the glucose curve during the test; α0 and α1 coefficients were provided by linear regression analysis. Results CSG and SG showed a markedly significant relationship in the whole dataset (r = 0.72, p < 0.0001) and in the single groups (r = 0.70 in NGT, r = 0.71 in DGR and r = 0.70 in T2D, p < 0.0001 for all); α1 × KG/Gpeak was significantly related to GEZI (r ≥ 0.60). Conclusions The interest for insulin-independent glucose disappearance is increasing, due to the recent availability of SGLT2 pharmacological agents, lowering glycemic levels without requiring insulin action. This study proposes a reliable predictor of SG based on IVGTT lasting 1 h only, and not requiring mathematical modeling skills.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/260624
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact