The paper presents a lumped parameter model for the approximation of the frequency-dependent dynamic stiffness of pile group foundations. The model can be implemented in commercial software to perform linear or nonlinear dynamic analyses of structures founded on piles taking into account the frequency dependent coupled roto-translational, vertical and torsional behaviour of the soil-foundation system. Closed-form formulas for estimating parameters of the model are proposed with reference to pile groups embedded in homogeneous soil deposits. These are calibrated with a nonlinear least square procedure, based on data provided by an extensive non-dimensional parametric analysis performed with a model previously developed by the authors. Pile groups with square layout and different number of piles embedded in soft and stiff soils are considered. Formulas are overall well capable to reproduce parameters of the proposed lumped system that can be straightforwardly incorporated into inertial structural analyses to account for the dynamic behaviour of the soil-foundation system. Some applications on typical bridge piers are finally presented to show examples of practical use of the proposed model. Results demonstrate the capability of the proposed lumped system as well as the formulas efficiency in approximating impedances of pile groups and the relevant effect on the response of the superstructure.
A Lumped Parameter Model for Time-Domain Inertial Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis of Structures on Pile Foundations / Carbonari, S.; Morici, M.; Dezi, F.; Leoni, G.. - In: EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS. - ISSN 1096-9845. - STAMPA. - 47:11(2018), pp. 2147-2171. [10.1002/eqe.3060]