TiO2-based nanocoatings have been becoming more and more widespread during last years in Cultural Heritage: they seem to be able to keep stone surfaces self-cleaned and to prevent the formation of biofouling. However, the efficiency of these coatings is strongly dependent on the substrate (i.e.: porosity and roughness) and on the amount of TiO2. Thus, this study experimentally investigates on the self-cleaning and anti-biofouling efficiency of a nano-TiO2 dispersion (without any organic or inorganic additive) applied on six different types of natural stones (three limestones, two sandstones and one tuff) usually used in Cultural Heritage, where high porosity and roughness can be found and the TiO2 amount cannot be increased in order to avoid any chromatic variation of the substrate. Water was used as solvent so as to reduce the risk of exposition of hazardous materials and to eliminate any chemical action on stones. The self-cleaning power of the coating was evaluated by measuring its ability at discolouring organic dye Methylene Blue, while its anti-biofouling efficiency was assessed by an accelerated growth test under controlled climatic conditions of two algal microorganisms, namely Chlorella mirabilis and Chroococcidiopsis fissurarum. Results show that, even if the photocatalytic and biocide power of nano-TiO2 itself is well known in literature, its application for the maintenance of stones in Cultural Heritage does not seem to be an effective strategy, especially when stones are highly porous and rough. Roughness and porosity of stones, in fact, can limit the efficiency of TiO2, which is thus not able to powerfully keep the stone substrate cleaned or slow down algal proliferation

Is nano-TiO2 alone an effective strategy for the maintenance of stones in Cultural Heritage? / Quagliarini, Enrico; Graziani, Lorenzo; Diso, Daniela; Licciulli, Antonio; D'Orazio, Marco. - In: JOURNAL OF CULTURAL HERITAGE. - ISSN 1296-2074. - STAMPA. - 30:(2018), pp. 81-91. [10.1016/j.culher.2017.09.016]

Is nano-TiO2 alone an effective strategy for the maintenance of stones in Cultural Heritage?

Quagliarini, Enrico
;
Graziani, Lorenzo;D'Orazio, Marco
2018-01-01

Abstract

TiO2-based nanocoatings have been becoming more and more widespread during last years in Cultural Heritage: they seem to be able to keep stone surfaces self-cleaned and to prevent the formation of biofouling. However, the efficiency of these coatings is strongly dependent on the substrate (i.e.: porosity and roughness) and on the amount of TiO2. Thus, this study experimentally investigates on the self-cleaning and anti-biofouling efficiency of a nano-TiO2 dispersion (without any organic or inorganic additive) applied on six different types of natural stones (three limestones, two sandstones and one tuff) usually used in Cultural Heritage, where high porosity and roughness can be found and the TiO2 amount cannot be increased in order to avoid any chromatic variation of the substrate. Water was used as solvent so as to reduce the risk of exposition of hazardous materials and to eliminate any chemical action on stones. The self-cleaning power of the coating was evaluated by measuring its ability at discolouring organic dye Methylene Blue, while its anti-biofouling efficiency was assessed by an accelerated growth test under controlled climatic conditions of two algal microorganisms, namely Chlorella mirabilis and Chroococcidiopsis fissurarum. Results show that, even if the photocatalytic and biocide power of nano-TiO2 itself is well known in literature, its application for the maintenance of stones in Cultural Heritage does not seem to be an effective strategy, especially when stones are highly porous and rough. Roughness and porosity of stones, in fact, can limit the efficiency of TiO2, which is thus not able to powerfully keep the stone substrate cleaned or slow down algal proliferation
2018
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/258024
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