Earthquake effects on urban scenarios (as building damage, debris on streets, urban fires) influence human psychological, perceptual and behavioural responses in emergency evacuation. Man-environment interactions should be included for a more effective safety assessment but i.e. Italian guidelines, especially at urban scale, do not consider them at all. According to Behavioural Design approach, an experimental-based seismic evacuation simulator is developed. As in Fire Safety Engineering methods for egress analysis, simulator applications on a given scenario allow to assess the impact of individuals’ behaviors on their safety levels. Safety criteria (i.e.: flows along paths, safe area choice and time to reach it, debris influence, trapped people, and their combination) could be joined with traditional evaluations to obtain risk maps, so as to locate critical elements, propose and place interventions (e.g.: on buildings; on emergency plans; wayfinding systems), and compare related different scenarios
Modelli comportamentali e indicatori prestazionali per la valutazione dell’emergenza sismica a scala urbana / D’Orazio, M.; Quagliarini, E.; Bernardini, G.; Santarelli, Silvia. - In: IL PROGETTO SOSTENIBILE. - ISSN 1974-3327. - STAMPA. - 39:(2017), pp. 36-43.