Climate changes-related floods will seriously strike population in existing urban environment. Despite Current assessment methods seem to underestimate the human behaviors influence on individuals’ safety, especially during outdoor evacuation. Representing pedestrians’ evacuation would allow considering the “human” factor in risk analysis. This work proposes a flood-induced pedestrians’ evacuation simulation model, based on a combined microscopic approach. Behavioral rules, obtained by real events videotapes analyses, are organized in an agent-based model. Motion criteria proposals are based on the Social Force Model. Experimental motion quantities values are offered. The model will be implemented in a risk assessment simulation tool.
Flooding risk in existing urban environment: From human behavioral patterns to a microscopic simulation model / Bernardini, Gabriele; Camilli, Selene; Quagliarini, Enrico; D'Orazio, Marco. - In: ENERGY PROCEDIA. - ISSN 1876-6102. - STAMPA. - 134:(2017), pp. 131-140. [10.1016/j.egypro.2017.09.549]