Rural electrification in isolated areas of developing countries can be considered a pivotal factor for economic and social growth, moreover the absence of electricity grid in villages leads to an elevated usage of diesel generators that entails large costs and high CO2 emissions. This paper presents a design methodology and economical evaluation to implement a hybrid power system composed of a photovoltaic power plant, electrical storage and a backup system of diesel generators in an isolated village in Uganda named Ntoroko. Results show that the usage of battery storage is economically crucial, particularly in areas with a low daily electrical consumption and peak loads increasing in the early morning and late evening when the solar radiation is lower and PV array has a reduced power production. Results disclose that the optimal configuration of the hybrid system (PV-storage-diesel generators), despite its high investment cost, presents an economic benefit of 25.5 and 22.2% compared to the usage of only PV array and diesel generators and only diesel generators and a reduction of fuel consumption equal to 74.7 and 77%, respectively.
A Design Approach of Off-grid Hybrid Electric Microgrids in Isolated Villages: A Case Study in Uganda / Puglia, G.; Moroni, M.; Fagnani, R.; Comodi, G.. - In: ENERGY PROCEDIA. - ISSN 1876-6102. - 105:(2017), pp. 3089-3094. [10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.646]