By interrogating 2 Italian registries, LORHEN and GISEA, we analysed the efficacy of ADA in first- or second-line in a total of 2262 RA patients. Patients in 1st line were significantly older, with lower disease activity and HAQ scores compared to 2nd line. In 1st line, rates of DAS28-remission (DAS28rem) at 2 years were 34.4% while 26.5% in 2nd line (p=0.038). A normal HAQ score (HAQ≤0.5) was achieved in 53.5% after 2 years in 1st line versus 30.1% in 2nd (p<0.0001). DAS28rem+HAQ≤0.5, a combined parameter that we defined global clinical disease control, was reached in 20.7% in 1st line versus 13.3% in 2nd (p<0.01). Five-year-survival on therapy was higher for patients in 1st line (45.6% vs. 33.2%, p<0.0001). Discontinuation due to lack of efficacy was lower in 1st line (37.4 vs. 54.4%, p<0.0001). Rates of adverse events were similar. Responses in 1st line are generally significantly better than after a first anti-TNF-alpha failure but patients in 2nd line have a worse clinical and functional profile. A global disease control with clinical and functional remission is an achievable target in both lines.

Comparison of efficacy of first- versus second-line adalimumab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: experience of the Italian biologics registries

SALAFFI, FAUSTO;DI CARLO, Marco;
2017

Abstract

By interrogating 2 Italian registries, LORHEN and GISEA, we analysed the efficacy of ADA in first- or second-line in a total of 2262 RA patients. Patients in 1st line were significantly older, with lower disease activity and HAQ scores compared to 2nd line. In 1st line, rates of DAS28-remission (DAS28rem) at 2 years were 34.4% while 26.5% in 2nd line (p=0.038). A normal HAQ score (HAQ≤0.5) was achieved in 53.5% after 2 years in 1st line versus 30.1% in 2nd (p<0.0001). DAS28rem+HAQ≤0.5, a combined parameter that we defined global clinical disease control, was reached in 20.7% in 1st line versus 13.3% in 2nd (p<0.01). Five-year-survival on therapy was higher for patients in 1st line (45.6% vs. 33.2%, p<0.0001). Discontinuation due to lack of efficacy was lower in 1st line (37.4 vs. 54.4%, p<0.0001). Rates of adverse events were similar. Responses in 1st line are generally significantly better than after a first anti-TNF-alpha failure but patients in 2nd line have a worse clinical and functional profile. A global disease control with clinical and functional remission is an achievable target in both lines.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/250864
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