Adenosine 5'-tetraphosphate (Ap4) is a ubiquitous metabolite involved in cell signaling in mammals. Its full physiological significance remains unknown. Here we show that two enzymes committed to NAD biosynthesis, nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) and nicotinate phosphoribosyltransferase (NAPT), can both catalyze the synthesis and degradation of Ap4 through their facultative ATPase activity. We propose a mechanism for this unforeseen additional reaction, and demonstrate its evolutionary conservation in bacterial orthologs of mammalian NAMPT and NAPT. Furthermore, evolutionary distant forms of NAMPT were inhibited in vitro by the FK866 drug but, remarkably, it does not block synthesis of Ap4. In fact, FK866-treated murine cells showed decreased NAD but increased Ap4 levels. Finally, murine cells and plasma with engineered or naturally fluctuating NAMPT levels showed matching Ap4 fluctuations. These results suggest a role of Ap4 in the actions of NAMPT, and prompt to evaluate the role of Ap4 production in the actions of NAMPT inhibitors.

Synthesis and degradation of adenosine 5’-tetraphosphate by Nicotinamide and Nicotinate phosphoribosyltransferases / Amici, Adolfo; Grolla, Ambra A.; Del Grosso, Erika; Bellini, Roberta; Bianchi, Michele; Travelli, Cristina; Garavaglia, Silvia; Sorci, Leonardo; Raffaelli, Nadia; Ruggieri, Silverio; Genazzani, Armando A.; Orsomando, Giuseppe. - In: CELL CHEMICAL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 2451-9456. - STAMPA. - 24:(2017), pp. 553-564. [10.1016/j.chembiol.2017.03.010]

Synthesis and degradation of adenosine 5’-tetraphosphate by Nicotinamide and Nicotinate phosphoribosyltransferases

AMICI, Adolfo;SORCI, Leonardo;RAFFAELLI, Nadia;RUGGIERI, Silverio;ORSOMANDO, Giuseppe
2017-01-01

Abstract

Adenosine 5'-tetraphosphate (Ap4) is a ubiquitous metabolite involved in cell signaling in mammals. Its full physiological significance remains unknown. Here we show that two enzymes committed to NAD biosynthesis, nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) and nicotinate phosphoribosyltransferase (NAPT), can both catalyze the synthesis and degradation of Ap4 through their facultative ATPase activity. We propose a mechanism for this unforeseen additional reaction, and demonstrate its evolutionary conservation in bacterial orthologs of mammalian NAMPT and NAPT. Furthermore, evolutionary distant forms of NAMPT were inhibited in vitro by the FK866 drug but, remarkably, it does not block synthesis of Ap4. In fact, FK866-treated murine cells showed decreased NAD but increased Ap4 levels. Finally, murine cells and plasma with engineered or naturally fluctuating NAMPT levels showed matching Ap4 fluctuations. These results suggest a role of Ap4 in the actions of NAMPT, and prompt to evaluate the role of Ap4 production in the actions of NAMPT inhibitors.
2017
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/241271
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