Cold-in place recycling with foamed bitumen (FB) is currently employed for the rehabilitation of road pavements, from local roads to heavy-duty motorways. The mechanical properties of FB mixtures may vary from that of an improved granular material to that of an asphalt con- crete, depending on their composition. The objective of the present study was to characterise the linear viscoelastic (LVE) response of FB mixtures with different contents of reclaimed asphalt (50%, 70% and 0%). This objective was tackled by measuring the complex Young’s modulus by means of uniaxial cyclic compression tests, in a range of temperatures (from − 20°C to 55°C) and frequencies (from 0.03 to 10 Hz). The thermo-rheological behaviour was modelled using the Huet–Sayegh model, commonly used for bituminous mixtures. In order to focus on the influence of reclaimed asphalt content, the same grading and FB content were used for all the mixtures. In addition, an effort was made to produce mixtures with similar vol- umetric properties. Considering all the tested mixtures, the stiffness modulus ranged between 171 and 4075 MPa, whereas the phase angle ranged between 4° and 18°. Though these values are well below those normally measured on asphalt mixtures, the frequency and temperature variations clearly highlight a typical asphalt-like behaviour. In addition, the time–temperature superposition principle can be considered valid, regardless of the reclaimed asphalt content. Overall the experimental results showed that it is possible to characterise the LVE response of cold-recycled FB mixtures using the same experimental and analytical approach adopted for asphalt mixtures.

Complex modulus characterisation of cold-recycled mixtures with foamed bitumen and different contents of reclaimed asphalt

GODENZONI, CARLOTTA;GRAZIANI, Andrea;
2017

Abstract

Cold-in place recycling with foamed bitumen (FB) is currently employed for the rehabilitation of road pavements, from local roads to heavy-duty motorways. The mechanical properties of FB mixtures may vary from that of an improved granular material to that of an asphalt con- crete, depending on their composition. The objective of the present study was to characterise the linear viscoelastic (LVE) response of FB mixtures with different contents of reclaimed asphalt (50%, 70% and 0%). This objective was tackled by measuring the complex Young’s modulus by means of uniaxial cyclic compression tests, in a range of temperatures (from − 20°C to 55°C) and frequencies (from 0.03 to 10 Hz). The thermo-rheological behaviour was modelled using the Huet–Sayegh model, commonly used for bituminous mixtures. In order to focus on the influence of reclaimed asphalt content, the same grading and FB content were used for all the mixtures. In addition, an effort was made to produce mixtures with similar vol- umetric properties. Considering all the tested mixtures, the stiffness modulus ranged between 171 and 4075 MPa, whereas the phase angle ranged between 4° and 18°. Though these values are well below those normally measured on asphalt mixtures, the frequency and temperature variations clearly highlight a typical asphalt-like behaviour. In addition, the time–temperature superposition principle can be considered valid, regardless of the reclaimed asphalt content. Overall the experimental results showed that it is possible to characterise the LVE response of cold-recycled FB mixtures using the same experimental and analytical approach adopted for asphalt mixtures.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/231150
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