We have studied the dynamical response of a new kind of holographic grating to a pulsed electric field. The structure, named POLICRYPS, consists of a sequence of homogeneous polymer slices separated by liquid-crystal films. We have found that both the rise and fall response times depend on the pulse duration and amplitude of the applied electric field. We propose a phenomenological explanation for this behaviour, outlining the possibility of getting response times of the order of 100 μs by properly choosing the pulse shape. Results are very interesting for developments in which POLICRYPS gratings could be proposed as basic elements in photonic devices for telecom applications, and induce to a deeper analysis of the microscopic interaction between liquid crystal and polymer interfaces in these samples.
Dynamical behaviour of holographic gratings with a nematic film - Polymer slice sequence structure / Marino, A; Vita, Francesco; Tkachenko, V.; Caputo, R.; Umeton, C.; Veltri, A.; Abbate, G.. - In: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL. E, SOFT MATTER. - ISSN 1292-8941. - STAMPA. - 15:1(2004), pp. 47-52. [10.1140/epje/i2004-10035-y]