Being aware of the needs for clean highly efficient micro combined heat and power (mu CHP) systems for single and multifamily households, the Italian Ministry of Industry launched in 2009 the EFESO Project aiming to develop and operate four SOFC prototypes. An imperative part of the project foresaw computational modeling to optimize operating conditions of the power modules and pinpoint potential drawbacks in its design. This article deals with a 3-dimensional thermochemical model of a single SOFC tubular geometry cell comprised in a 1kW(el) stack operating under similar conditions to the characterized power module. An analysis is presented on the effects of current density distribution, temperature distribution in the cell and pressure drop in the air and fuel channels, being these the most critical variables when operating the SOFC-powered mu CHP system. This model will serve as a platform to generate a model of the whole stack which will be further validated by means of experimental activities.
Thermochemical model and experimental validation of a tubular SOFC cell com-prised in a 1 kWel stack designed for mCHP applications / BOIGUES MUNOZ, Carlos; Santori, Giulio; Mcphail, S.; Polonara, Fabio. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY. - ISSN 0360-3199. - STAMPA. - 39:(2014), pp. 21714-21723. [10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.09.021]