Emergency Management (EM) is the organizational function used to avoid, mitigate, and recover from any unexpected events in a specific location and time. It can be considered as a sub-category under Facility Management (FM), which is defined as the organizational function which integrates people, spaces, processes, and technology within the built environment to optimize the overall operation. The performance and management of a building can be integrated into a BIM environment, which the construction industry is approaching to optimize the building performance in its lifecycle. This contribution will emphasize the findings of the available literature review and embrace the benefits provided by the integration of BIM and technologies in facility management from the perspective of emergency management. This paper starts from the insights provided by the current scientific literature and emphasizes the meaning, benefits, and challenges determined by the use of real-time systems in emergency management. Moreover, a systematic analysis of the specifications and requirements of real-time control systems applied to emergency management will be presented. Technically, this contribution systematically investigates the requirements related to the design of realtime systems for the control of emergency management in complex buildings. The assessment was carried out within a model-based systems engineering framework, to address interactions among various components of the system as a whole. System Modeling Language (SysML) was selected as the modeling language. A first model was developed, and its potential has been discussed. Eventually, future research opportunities concerning the integration between SysML, BIM, and a simulation environment for requirements verification over the life cycle have been argued.
A Model-Based Approach to Design A Real-Time Control of Safety Management in Building / Mousharbash, NABIH ISSAM MICHAEL; Carbonari, Alessandro; Giretti, Alberto; Turk, Žiga. - ELETTRONICO. - (2022), pp. 105-110. (Intervento presentato al convegno Creative Construction e-Conference 2022 tenutosi a on-line nel 9-11 July 2022) [10.3311/CCC2022-015].