Exposure to elongate mineral particles from natural outcrops or synthetic origin such as asbestos Ubers has a severe human health impact. In particular, asbestos exposure is causally associated to malignant pleural mesothelioma, one of the most lethal tumors in humans. Although the production and use of asbestos is today banned in many developed countries, people may still be exposed to asbestos, due to its presence in several structures such as public buildings, and the construction of residential areas in close proximity to former asbestos mines, factories, or soil containing natural asbestos. The disease burden associated with environmental asbestos exposure remains diWcult to quantify and is still poorly investigated: a better chemical-physical and toxicity characterization of asbestos Ubers present in the environment is therefore highly recommended. The aim of the present study was to analyze the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of two di7erent natural asbestos Ubers: Valmalenco Chrysotile from Central Alps, Italy (VM CHRY) and Erionite from Jersey Nevada, USA (JN ERI) using pulmonary human cells lines of mesothelial (MeT5A) and alveolar (A549) origin. UICC Chrysotile and UICC Crocidolite were included in our analysis as standard asbestos Ubers. Using the MTT assay, we observed a signiUcative reduction of cell viability in both cell lines already after six hours of treatment. Detection of γ- H2A.X histone highlighted the genotoxic character of both VM CHRY and JN ERI following 24hrs of Ubers exposure. Furthermore, the decrease of Glutathione levels showing a increase of cellular stress. DNA damage was also analyzed by the Comet assay, showing an increase of the tail length and tail moment parameters in both cell lines after 24hrs of exposition to di7erent Ubers in comparison to control cells. A major e7ect in MeT5A cells with respect to A549 was also observed after all treatments. Taken together our Undings testify the cytotoxic and genotoxic e7ects exerted in vitro by both VM CHRY and JN ERI Ubers compared to the standard ones, suggesting the need of a careful surveillance related to particulate matter risks. Our next intent will be to deeper investigate the molecular mechanisms of cytotoxicity underlying asbestos exposure.
Cytotoxic and genotoxic potential of asbestos fibers from environmental outcrops / Vaiasicca, Salvatore; DI VALERIO, Silvia; Cianfruglia, Laura; Armeni, Tatiana; Fazioli, Francesca; Procopio, Antonio Domenico; Pugnaloni, Armanda. - ELETTRONICO. - GEOTRACES RELEVANT SPECIAL SESSIONS:(2021), p. Abstract # 5869. (Intervento presentato al convegno VIRTUAL GOLDSCHMIDT 2021 tenutosi a Lyon & on-line, France nel 4 July 2021 – 9 July 2021).