: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy. Ultrasound imaging (US) may help to diagnose and assess CTS, through the evaluation of median nerve morphology. To support sonographers, this paper proposes a fully-automatic deep-learning approach to median nerve segmentation from US images. The approach relies on Mask R-CNN, a convolutional neural network that is trained end-to-end. The segmentation head of Mask R-CNN is here evaluated with three different configurations, with the goal of studying the effect of the segmentation-head output resolution on the overall Mask R-CNN segmentation performance. For this study, we collected and annotated a dataset of 151 images acquired in the actual clinical practice from 53 subjects with CTS. To our knowledge, this is the largest dataset in the field in terms of subjects. We achieved a median Dice similarity coefficient equal to 0.931 (IQR = 0.027), demonstrating the potentiality of the proposed approach. These results are a promising step towards providing an effective tool for CTS assessment in the actual clinical practice.
Learning-Based Median Nerve Segmentation From Ultrasound Images For Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Evaluation / Cosmo, Mariachiara Di; Chiara Fiorentino, Maria; Villani, Francesca Pia; Sartini, Gianmarco; Smerilli, Gianluca; Filippucci, Emilio; Frontoni, Emanuele; Moccia, Sara. - 2021:(2021), pp. 3025-3028. [10.1109/EMBC46164.2021.9631057]