Myocardial bridge (MB) is a congenital heart condition in which a 'bridge' of myocardium is overlying a 'tunneled' coronary artery. MB can be associated with a series of critical cardiac events. Aim of this study was to evaluate electrocardiographic alternans (ECGA) on a MB patient, being ECGA a cardiac electrical risk index defined as beat-to-beat alternation of electrocardiographic P-wave, QRS-complex and T-wave morphology at stable heart rate. ECGA analysis was performed in a 1-hour 12-lead electrocardiographic recording of a 54 years-old MB male patient at rest by application of the heart-rate adaptive match filter method. Areas of P-wave, QRS and T-wave alternans (PWAA, QRSAA, TWAA) were measured, evaluating also the prevalent among the three. Results showed the prevalent alternans was T-wave alternans, being TWAA on average equal to 6.3 µV×s (PWAA=4.7 µV×s, QRSAA=4.3 µV×s); TWAA prevalence occurrence rate was 94% (PWAA: 5%, QRSAA:1%). TWAA was also found to be significantly correlated (p=0.72, p<10-2) with heart rate. Eventually, TWAA was at least twice higher than in previously analyzed male healthy subjects. Thus, MB seems to be associated to a higher cardiac electrical risk, possibly especially while performing physical activity at high heart rate.

Electrocardiographic Alternans in Myocardial Bridge: A Case Report

Marcantoni I.;Turco F.;Morettini M.;Sbrollini A.;Burattini L.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Myocardial bridge (MB) is a congenital heart condition in which a 'bridge' of myocardium is overlying a 'tunneled' coronary artery. MB can be associated with a series of critical cardiac events. Aim of this study was to evaluate electrocardiographic alternans (ECGA) on a MB patient, being ECGA a cardiac electrical risk index defined as beat-to-beat alternation of electrocardiographic P-wave, QRS-complex and T-wave morphology at stable heart rate. ECGA analysis was performed in a 1-hour 12-lead electrocardiographic recording of a 54 years-old MB male patient at rest by application of the heart-rate adaptive match filter method. Areas of P-wave, QRS and T-wave alternans (PWAA, QRSAA, TWAA) were measured, evaluating also the prevalent among the three. Results showed the prevalent alternans was T-wave alternans, being TWAA on average equal to 6.3 µV×s (PWAA=4.7 µV×s, QRSAA=4.3 µV×s); TWAA prevalence occurrence rate was 94% (PWAA: 5%, QRSAA:1%). TWAA was also found to be significantly correlated (p=0.72, p<10-2) with heart rate. Eventually, TWAA was at least twice higher than in previously analyzed male healthy subjects. Thus, MB seems to be associated to a higher cardiac electrical risk, possibly especially while performing physical activity at high heart rate.
Computing in Cardiology
978-1-7281-7382-5
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/288230
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