Knee osteoarthritis is commonly treated through total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) and therefore the assessment of postoperative differences in functional capabilities between TKA and UKA patients appears of primary importance. Throughout the years, fractal analysis has been applied to several biological time-series, revealing to be particularly useful for assessing human balance and motor control by quantifying complexity and repeatability of dynamic measures. In this study, fractal dimension (FD) has been computed on ground reaction force and momentum acquired during squatting movement in two groups of TKA and UKA patients and a control group of healthy subjects (CTRL). FD resulted able to discriminate between TKA and both CTRL and UKA group, showing significant differences in all the considered measures. Outcomes of this study could help to gain further information about functional recovery after different knee arthroplasty procedures, in order to improve the choice of rehabilitative treatment.
Fractal Analysis of Motor Control in Knee Arthroplasty Patients / Mengarelli, A.; Cardarelli, S.; Tigrini, A.; Strazza, A.; Di Nardo, F.; Marchesini, L.; Fioretti, S.; Verdini, F.. - STAMPA. - 2019:(2019), pp. 3159-3162. (Intervento presentato al convegno 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019 tenutosi a deu nel 2019) [10.1109/EMBC.2019.8856478].