Circulating concentrations of insulin are determined by a balance between the secretion rate of insulin from pancreatic beta-cells and insulin degradation (“clearance”). However, limited attention has been devoted to the study of insulin clearance in women with former gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), which are known to be at increased type 2 diabetes risk. The aim of this study was to provide a detailed analysis of insulin clearance in women with former GDM. A population of 156 white Caucasian women, was analyzed early postpartum (4–6 months after delivery) and classified in two groups: women with previous GDM (pGDM, n = 115) and women that remain healthy during pregnancy (CNT, n = 41). All women underwent a 3-hour Insulin-Modified Intravenous Glucose Tolerance Test (IM-IVGTT). Insulin clearance temporal patterns were derived by mathematical modelling of IM-IVGTT data; average insulin clearance values were also considered during the whole test, and in the first - (0–10 min) and second phase (10–180 min). Insulin clearance temporal patterns were found to be different between CNT and pGDM group (p < 0.0001). Average insulin clearance was found different over the second phase of the test (p = 0.04), being equal to 0.54 [0.41] and 0.59 [0.41] l·min−1 in CNT and pGDM group, respectively. In conclusion, some abnormalities in former GDM women, compared to a group of healthy women were detected. This may be of relevance for more accurate estimation of type 2 diabetes risk.

Insulin clearance in women with a history of gestational diabetes assessed by mathematical model analyses of intravenous glucose tolerance test

Morettini M.;Pacini G.;Tura A.;Burattini L.
2019

Abstract

Circulating concentrations of insulin are determined by a balance between the secretion rate of insulin from pancreatic beta-cells and insulin degradation (“clearance”). However, limited attention has been devoted to the study of insulin clearance in women with former gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), which are known to be at increased type 2 diabetes risk. The aim of this study was to provide a detailed analysis of insulin clearance in women with former GDM. A population of 156 white Caucasian women, was analyzed early postpartum (4–6 months after delivery) and classified in two groups: women with previous GDM (pGDM, n = 115) and women that remain healthy during pregnancy (CNT, n = 41). All women underwent a 3-hour Insulin-Modified Intravenous Glucose Tolerance Test (IM-IVGTT). Insulin clearance temporal patterns were derived by mathematical modelling of IM-IVGTT data; average insulin clearance values were also considered during the whole test, and in the first - (0–10 min) and second phase (10–180 min). Insulin clearance temporal patterns were found to be different between CNT and pGDM group (p < 0.0001). Average insulin clearance was found different over the second phase of the test (p = 0.04), being equal to 0.54 [0.41] and 0.59 [0.41] l·min−1 in CNT and pGDM group, respectively. In conclusion, some abnormalities in former GDM women, compared to a group of healthy women were detected. This may be of relevance for more accurate estimation of type 2 diabetes risk.
978-3-030-31634-1
978-3-030-31635-8
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/272506
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact