Fetal phonocardiography (fPCG) is a clinical test to assess fetal wellbeing during pregnancy, labor and delivery. Still, its interpretation may be jeopardized by the presence of noise. Specifically, fPCG is typically corrupted by maternal heart and body organs sounds, fetal movements noise and surrounding environment noise. Thus, appropriate filtering procedures have to be applied in order to make fPCG clinically usable. Wavelet transformation (WT) has been proposed to filter fPCG; however, WT robustness to noise remains unknown. Thus, aim of the present work is to evaluate WT ability and robustness to denoise fPCG characterized by varying signal-to-noise ratios (SNR). To this aim a filtering procedure based on Coiflets mother wavelet (4th order, 7 levels of decomposition) was applied to 37 fPCG simulated tracings, all available in the Simulated Fetal PCGs database by Physionet. Original SNR values ranged from -1.38 dB to 4.54 dB; after application of WT-filtering procedure to fPCG, SNR increased significantly, ranging from 12.95 dB to 17.94 dB (P<10- 14). Moreover, SNR values before and after filtering were associated by a low correlation (ρ=0.4; P=0.01). Eventually, WT filtering introduced no fPCG signal delay and left heart rate unaltered. Thus, WT filtering is a suitable and robust technique to denoise fPCG signals.

Fetal phonocardiogram denoising by wavelet transformation: Robustness to noise

Sbrollini, Agnese;Strazza, Annachiara;Agostinelli, Angela;Morettini, Micaela;Fioretti, Sandro;Di Nardo, Francesco;Burattini, Laura
2017-01-01

Abstract

Fetal phonocardiography (fPCG) is a clinical test to assess fetal wellbeing during pregnancy, labor and delivery. Still, its interpretation may be jeopardized by the presence of noise. Specifically, fPCG is typically corrupted by maternal heart and body organs sounds, fetal movements noise and surrounding environment noise. Thus, appropriate filtering procedures have to be applied in order to make fPCG clinically usable. Wavelet transformation (WT) has been proposed to filter fPCG; however, WT robustness to noise remains unknown. Thus, aim of the present work is to evaluate WT ability and robustness to denoise fPCG characterized by varying signal-to-noise ratios (SNR). To this aim a filtering procedure based on Coiflets mother wavelet (4th order, 7 levels of decomposition) was applied to 37 fPCG simulated tracings, all available in the Simulated Fetal PCGs database by Physionet. Original SNR values ranged from -1.38 dB to 4.54 dB; after application of WT-filtering procedure to fPCG, SNR increased significantly, ranging from 12.95 dB to 17.94 dB (P<10- 14). Moreover, SNR values before and after filtering were associated by a low correlation (ρ=0.4; P=0.01). Eventually, WT filtering introduced no fPCG signal delay and left heart rate unaltered. Thus, WT filtering is a suitable and robust technique to denoise fPCG signals.
978-1-5386-6630-2
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/259394
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact