Analysis of muscle co-contractions seems to be relevant in the characterization of children pathologies such as spastic cerebral palsy. The aim of the study was the quantification of thigh-muscle co-contractions during walking in healthy children. To this aim, the Statistical Gait Analysis, a recent methodology providing a statistical characterization of gait, was performed on surface EMG signals from Vastus Medialis (VM) and Lateral Hamstrings (LH) in 30 healthy 6-to-8-year-old children. Muscular co-contraction was assessed as the overlapping period between activation intervals of agonist and antagonist muscles. As in adults, VM activity occurring from terminal swing to the following loading response superimposed LH activity in the same percentage of the gait cycle. This co-contraction occurred in order to control knee joint stability during weight acceptance. It was acknowledged in the totality (100 %) of the considered strides. Concomitant activity of VM and LH was detected also in the second half of stance phase in 17.1 ± 4.8 % of the considered strides. Working VM and LH on different joints, this concomitant activity of antagonist muscles should not be considered as an actual co-contraction. Present findings provide new information on the variability of the reciprocal role of VM and LH during child walking, useful for comparison between normal and pathological walking in the clinical context and for designing future studies on maturation of gait.

Antagonist thigh-muscle activity in 6-to-8-year-old children assessed by surface EMG during walking

Di Nardo, Francesco
;
Strazza, Annachiara;Mengarelli, Alessandro;Burattini, Laura;Fioretti, Sandro
2017-01-01

Abstract

Analysis of muscle co-contractions seems to be relevant in the characterization of children pathologies such as spastic cerebral palsy. The aim of the study was the quantification of thigh-muscle co-contractions during walking in healthy children. To this aim, the Statistical Gait Analysis, a recent methodology providing a statistical characterization of gait, was performed on surface EMG signals from Vastus Medialis (VM) and Lateral Hamstrings (LH) in 30 healthy 6-to-8-year-old children. Muscular co-contraction was assessed as the overlapping period between activation intervals of agonist and antagonist muscles. As in adults, VM activity occurring from terminal swing to the following loading response superimposed LH activity in the same percentage of the gait cycle. This co-contraction occurred in order to control knee joint stability during weight acceptance. It was acknowledged in the totality (100 %) of the considered strides. Concomitant activity of VM and LH was detected also in the second half of stance phase in 17.1 ± 4.8 % of the considered strides. Working VM and LH on different joints, this concomitant activity of antagonist muscles should not be considered as an actual co-contraction. Present findings provide new information on the variability of the reciprocal role of VM and LH during child walking, useful for comparison between normal and pathological walking in the clinical context and for designing future studies on maturation of gait.
9781509028092
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/255429
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