Wireless Sensor Networks are becoming even more a key element in networking and telecommunications especially with the advent of the Internet of Things paradigm, where each single device obtains a unique IPv6 address and is potentially reachable from everywhere through the Internet. Such technologies can be applied in many application fields with great success in terms of optimization of costs and resources, variety of implemented features, level of customization and expandability of each solution. Ambient Assisted Living is definitely one of the most interesting area for WSN and IoT application. In this scenery we propose an applicative example of the use of a IPv6 self configuring WSN with mesh topology. The network is formed by low cost and low power sensor nodes that integrate sub-GHz radio connectivity, belonging to the so-called LLN (Low Power and Lossy Network) scenery. The network stack is fully compatible with the major RFCs about Internet and wireless communications (CSMA, 6LowPAN, uIP, UDP, CoAP, etc.). The case study is a localization system using RSSI feature and does not need additional expensive hardware to be integrated into the nodes. The system proves to be fundamental in indoor environments (houses, clinics, nursing homes) for AAL systems that require localization or tracking of patients and medical equipments. Our tests are performed in extremely complex environment and shown good results localizing targets with an average error of about 2 meters that allows to properly detect the room where targets are located.
Indoor localization system for AAL over IPv6 WSN / Pierleoni, Paola; Pernini, Luca; Belli, Alberto; Palma, Lorenzo; Maurizi, Lorenzo; Valenti, Simone. - ELETTRONICO. - (2016), pp. 1-7. (Intervento presentato al convegno 27th IEEE Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC 2016 tenutosi a Valencia, Spain nel 2016) [10.1109/PIMRC.2016.7794564].