The direct lyotropic polymorphism of dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride (DTAC) was investigated by synchrotron X-ray diffraction at different water concentrations under compression up to 2 kbar, i.e., in the pressure intermediate range where interesting biophysical transformations occur and the functional characteristics of cell membranes are altered. The results show that pressure induces the transition from the hexagonal phase to the micellar Pm3n cubic phase in hydrated samples (c between 0.5 and 0.6, c being the weight concentration of lipid in the mixture) and the transition from the bicontinuous Ia3d cubic phase to the hexagonal phase in drier samples (c = 0.8). By increasing the pressure on very dry samples, a lamellar Lα phase was observed to form transitorily at the Ia3d cubic-hexagonal phase transition. Phase compressibility and then the lipid and water partial molecular compressibilities were derived as a function of pressure and concentration. As a result, we assessed the very low compressibility of the hydration water within the lipid phases, and we demonstrated that the compressibility of DTAC is very dependent on pressure. Moreover, the molecular parameters of DTAC calculated in the different phases during compression confirmed that pressure induces small but continuous conformational changes, definitely different from the large changes observed in lipid molecules forming type II structures. © 2006 American Chemical Society.

Pressure effects on lipidic direct phases: the dodecyltrimethyl ammonium chloride-water system / L., Paccamiccio; Pisani, Michela; Spinozzi, Francesco; C., Ferrero; S., Finet; Mariani, Paolo. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. B, CONDENSED MATTER, MATERIALS, SURFACES, INTERFACES & BIOPHYSICAL. - ISSN 1520-6106. - STAMPA. - 110:(2006), pp. 12410-12418.

Pressure effects on lipidic direct phases: the dodecyltrimethyl ammonium chloride-water system

PISANI, MICHELA;SPINOZZI, Francesco;MARIANI, Paolo
2006-01-01

Abstract

The direct lyotropic polymorphism of dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride (DTAC) was investigated by synchrotron X-ray diffraction at different water concentrations under compression up to 2 kbar, i.e., in the pressure intermediate range where interesting biophysical transformations occur and the functional characteristics of cell membranes are altered. The results show that pressure induces the transition from the hexagonal phase to the micellar Pm3n cubic phase in hydrated samples (c between 0.5 and 0.6, c being the weight concentration of lipid in the mixture) and the transition from the bicontinuous Ia3d cubic phase to the hexagonal phase in drier samples (c = 0.8). By increasing the pressure on very dry samples, a lamellar Lα phase was observed to form transitorily at the Ia3d cubic-hexagonal phase transition. Phase compressibility and then the lipid and water partial molecular compressibilities were derived as a function of pressure and concentration. As a result, we assessed the very low compressibility of the hydration water within the lipid phases, and we demonstrated that the compressibility of DTAC is very dependent on pressure. Moreover, the molecular parameters of DTAC calculated in the different phases during compression confirmed that pressure induces small but continuous conformational changes, definitely different from the large changes observed in lipid molecules forming type II structures. © 2006 American Chemical Society.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/53248
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