Five single crystals of cerium-doped lutetium yttrium oxyorthosilicate (LYSO:Ce) grown by the Czochralski method were submitted to structural characterization by X-ray (XRD) and neutron (ND) diffraction, scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy and energy dispersive microanalysis (EDS).The Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS), the Young Modulus (YM) and the Light Yield (LY) of the samples were also measured in order to correlate the mechanical and the optical behavior of the crystals with the characteristics of their microstructure. Two of the samples analysed were also heat treated at 300°C for 10 h to evidence possible variations induced by the temperature in the optical and mechanical response of the crystals. Results showed that the mean compositional variations evidenced by the structural analyses do not affect the mechanical and optical behavior of the samples. On the contrary, the therma treatment could induce the formation of coherent spherical particles (size 10 to 15 nm), not uniformly distributed inside the sample, that strongly reduce the UTS and YM values, but it does not affect the optical response of the crystal. This latter result was attributed to the low value o fthe heating temperature (300 °C) that is not sufficiently high to induce annealing of the oxygen vacancies traps that are responsible of the deterioration of the scintillation properties of the LYSO:Ce crystals. This study was carried out in the framework of the Crystal Clear Collaboration (CCC).

Structural, mechanical and light yield characterisation of heat treated LYSO:Ce single crystals for medical imaging applications / Mengucci, Paolo; G., André; E., Auffray; Barucca, Gianni; C., Cecchi; R., Chipaux; A., Cousson; Davi', Fabrizio; N., Di Vara; Rinaldi, Daniele; Santecchia, Eleonora. - In: NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION A, ACCELERATORS, SPECTROMETERS, DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT. - ISSN 0168-9002. - STAMPA. - 785:(2015), pp. 110-116. [10.1016/j.nima.2015.02.061]

Structural, mechanical and light yield characterisation of heat treated LYSO:Ce single crystals for medical imaging applications.

MENGUCCI, Paolo;BARUCCA, Gianni;DAVI', Fabrizio;RINALDI, Daniele;SANTECCHIA, ELEONORA
2015-01-01

Abstract

Five single crystals of cerium-doped lutetium yttrium oxyorthosilicate (LYSO:Ce) grown by the Czochralski method were submitted to structural characterization by X-ray (XRD) and neutron (ND) diffraction, scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy and energy dispersive microanalysis (EDS).The Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS), the Young Modulus (YM) and the Light Yield (LY) of the samples were also measured in order to correlate the mechanical and the optical behavior of the crystals with the characteristics of their microstructure. Two of the samples analysed were also heat treated at 300°C for 10 h to evidence possible variations induced by the temperature in the optical and mechanical response of the crystals. Results showed that the mean compositional variations evidenced by the structural analyses do not affect the mechanical and optical behavior of the samples. On the contrary, the therma treatment could induce the formation of coherent spherical particles (size 10 to 15 nm), not uniformly distributed inside the sample, that strongly reduce the UTS and YM values, but it does not affect the optical response of the crystal. This latter result was attributed to the low value o fthe heating temperature (300 °C) that is not sufficiently high to induce annealing of the oxygen vacancies traps that are responsible of the deterioration of the scintillation properties of the LYSO:Ce crystals. This study was carried out in the framework of the Crystal Clear Collaboration (CCC).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/221515
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